Beat the Drum
Students will be able to count to 10 using one-to-one correspondence. Students will practice their fine motor skills.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Begin the lesson by explaining to your students that they will play a game about counting cubes, or determining how many cubes there are.
- Tell your students that they will use tongs to put one-inch cubes into a container. After putting all 10 cubes into the container, inform them that they can strike the drum with a drumstick.
- Inform your students that they will then switch positions with another student so that everyone gets a chance to count and strike the drum.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)
- Separate the class into two equal groups, and have each group sit around one container.
- Place 10 cubes and one pair of tongs by each container. Put the drum and drumsticks between the groups.
- Have one student in front of each container at a time.
- Demonstrate how to hold and use the tongs to pick up one cube.
- Discuss whether or not the piles have the same amount of cubes, or if they are equal. Potential discussion questions include: Do the piles look equal? How can we check to make sure that there are the same amount of cubes in each pile?
- Have someone from each group count the number of cubes. Suggest that since both groups have 10 cubes, the groups are, indeed, equal.
- Instruct your students to place the cubes into the container with the tongs when you give a signal.
- Ask them to count using one-to-one correspondence while placing their cubes in the container. For example, if a student is putting her third cube into the container, make sure she says "three" while doing so.
- Direct each student to strike the drum when he has put in all 10 cubes.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (5 minutes)
- Practice the game as a class for two more turns.
- Encourage your students to continue counting the cubes individually as they place them in containers.
- Count with your class if support is needed. Have the entire group count with that student.
Independent Working Time (20 minutes)
- Have your students continue to take turns in their groups.
- Ask them to identify which group has more, less, or equal amounts of cubes in the container.
- Encourage good sportsmanship during play.
- Enrichment: Place 15-20 cubes in front of each student. Have students count either up to the number of cubes, or have them count by two's instead of using direct one-to-one correspondence.
- Support: Count and model for students having difficulty. Decrease the pile to five one-inch cubes, and allow students to use their fingers to place the cubes into the container. This will let them focus on counting.
Assessment (5 minutes)
- To assess student understanding, notice if your students are counting with one-to-one correspondence.
- Note if your students are demonstrating understanding of more, less, and equal. Assess this by listening to the students' answers as they compare quantities.
- Note if your students are using a firm grasp on the tongs. If their grip is very loose, encourage them to grip the tongs tighter so that the cubes do not fall out.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Ask your students, as a group, to count to 10 aloud.
- Ask your students what number would come after 10.
- Encourage them to count objects they see in their daily routine, such as toothbrushes or shoes.