- Second Grade
- Reading, ESL
- 80 minutes
This second-grade lesson teaches students the basics of capitalization. Little readers will have a great time checking sentences for proper capitalization and listening to a story by Justin McCory Martin.
Students will be able to properly capitalize sentences and proper nouns.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Tell the students that today, they're going to learn about capitalization.
- Capital letters are mostly used as the first letter of proper nouns (the name of something or someone) and the first letter of sentences.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)
- Write three sentences on the board. Some examples are: They have to go to school. My cousins live in Canada. That hat belongs to Tom.
- Circle the capital letters.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (20 minutes)
- Ask the students to write a few sentences describing themselves.
- Once they're done, have them exchange their papers with their peers.
- Ask the students to circle the letters that have been capitalized correctly with a blue crayon. Have them use the same crayons to draw a triangle around the letters that need to be capitalized but weren't.
Independent Working Time (20 minutes)
- Ask the students to work on the Correct the Capitals: Ken and Correct the Capitals: Kimiko worksheets.
- Enrichment: Have advanced students work on the Practice Capitalization with a Homemade Calendar activity during Independent Working Time.
- Support: Give struggling students one-on-one assistance during Independent Working Time.
Assessment (10 minutes)
- Write 3-5 sentences on the board. Do not capitalize your letters.
- Have students copy down the sentences on lined paper. Then, have them fix the sentences and capitalize the sentences correctly.
- Collect students' papers once they're done. Review them later to assess their understanding of the lesson content.
Review and Closing (20 minutes)
- Read aloud Grammar Tales: The Mega-Deluxe Capitalization Machine by Justin McCory Martin to the class.
- To review, ask students to tell you the cases in which letters need to be capitalized.