- Kindergarten, First Grade
- 45 minutes
- Standards: RL.K.9
Comparing and contrasting are essential comprehension tools for all age levels. Using fairy tales, this lesson guides students in comparing and contrasting characters in a fun way!
Students will be able to describe a way that characters are the same and a way that they are different.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Ask for two volunteers to stand up in front of the class.
- Stand them next to each other facing the class so everyone can see. Ask your class to offer examples of how they are the same. For example: Bob and Matt both have brown hair.
- After discussing similarities, ask how they are different. For example, Bob has curly hair, and Matt has straight hair.
- Write your students' responses on the board.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)
- Explain to your students that they just compared, or found similarities, and contrasted, or found differences.
- Reference the list of comparisons and ask students what they think it means to compare.
- Practice comparing again using two stuffed animals or toys.
- Repeat the same steps for contrasting.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (15 minutes)
- Show your students the Little Red Riding Hood finger puppets from the workbook.
- Pass out finger puppets for students to use as they follow along as you read Little Red Riding Hood. Invite students with Little Red Riding Hood to hold up their finger puppets when she is talking in the story. Invite students with the wolf to hold up their finger puppets when he is talking in the story.
- Stop to talk about the wolf character, his actions, and his behavior.
- When finished reading, make a quick list on the board of words to describe the wolf.
- Next, introduce The Three Little Pigs.
- Break groups apart for reading.
- After everyone is finished reading, return to the large group and discuss the wolf in The Three Little Pigs.
- Create another list on the board of words to describe the wolf in The Three Little Pigs.
Independent Working Time (10 minutes)
- Introduce the Venn diagram from the workbook. Pass out one copy to each student.
- Show students where the characters' similarities are written on the diagram and where differences are written on the diagram.
- Have students write and draw one way that the wolves in the stories were the same and one way that they were different. Remind students of the lists of words on the board that describe the wolves from each story.
- Walk around the room to assist students with adding to their Venn diagrams.
- Enrichment: Have above level readers use the Rebus Story version of The Three Little Pigs in the workbook to read with a partner. Encourage above level students to write more than one comparison on their Venn diagrams.
- Support: Read The Three Little Pigs as a group.
Related Books and/or Media
Assessment (5 minutes)
- When students have completed their Venn diagrams, collect and distribute the Let's Compare worksheet to each student.
- Read each question aloud, and ask your students to circle the correct picture.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Ask your students to turn to a partner, and have them identify three similarities between them.
- Ask for three volunteers to share.
- Repeat for contrasting.