Students will read, recognize, and write individual words that can be used to make a new compound word. Students will identify characteristics of compound words.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Tell your students that they are going to learn about a compound word, which is one large word that is made up of two smaller words.
- Introduce the game I Spy a Word I Know. Using either the SMART Board file or the poster, ask the students to find words that they recognize inside the larger words.
- Ask your students to name the words they see, and have other students come up to the board and point to those words.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)
- Use the Teacher Modeling Foldables to show your students how two words can be used to create a larger compound word. Refer to the Teacher Modeling Demo for guidance.
- Prior to the lesson, cut and fold all of the cards in half, and place them in a plastic bag. During the lesson, take out each card one at a time.
- Begin by showing the students one side of the card. Read the word aloud. Flip the card over and show the other side of the card. Again, read the word aloud. Open the card to reveal the two connected words, and read the new compound word.
- Model the use of the compound word in a sentence. For example, with the word rainbow, possible sentences include: I see a rainbow outside and The rainbow is pretty.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (5 minutes)
- With the SMART Board file, show the selected words and lead the students in the compound word clap. Have your students say the first word and raise up one hand to represent that word.
- Next, ask your students to guess which word they can add to the first word to make a new, real word. After the students have guessed, invite a student to come up and tap the box by the word, making a new word appear.
- This time, have your students hold up their other hand, representing two separate words.
- Tell the students that they are going to put the two words (their two hands) together with a “compound clap.” Have the students clap and say the new compound word.
- Proceed with the additional words included in the guided practice in the SMART Board file.
Independent Working Time (15 minutes)
- Tell your students that they will practice putting two words together to form compound words. Give each pair a set of peas and pods, and have them stack the pods in the middle. Have each pair mix up the peas and place them face down around the middle.
- Your students should take turns taking one pea off of the stack at a time.
- When your students can form a word with two of the peas, they can take a pod from the center and stick the two peas in the pod to keep the new word together.
- Circulate around the room to assist individual groups as needed. After students play the game in partners, have the students complete either the Compound Words 1 worksheet or the Compound Words 2 worksheet.
- Enrichment: Have your students come up with compound words that weren't mentioned on the worksheets. Help them create their own foldables to practice these words.
- Support: Use the Pictures and Words worksheet for students who may have difficulty adding new words to create compound words. This worksheet can also be used for English language learners or for those who need additional visual support.
- Use the SMART Board for an interactive activity to make a compound word appear.
- Ask your students to use Google Draw to create contrasting illustrations of compound words—one illustration of the literal meaning and one illustration of the actual meaning. For example, for a rainbow, one illustration would show rain drops and a bow. The other picture would show a rainbow.
- Have your students create a video in which they show the compound words and use them in a sentence.
Related Books and/or Media
- All Aboard Overnight: A Book of Compound Words by Betsy Maestro
- Thumbtacks, Earwax, Lipstick, Dipstick: What Is a Compound Word? by Brian Cleary
Assessment (5 minutes)
- Ask your students to complete the Write the Compound Words worksheet.
- Alternatively, ask your students to write down three to five examples of compound words, circling the first smaller word and underlining the second smaller word inside the compound word. Students can also use words made from the “Peas in a Pod” game to write these words.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Have your students sing along to the Compound Boogie Song. During the part where the video pauses, have the students say the compound word that matches the clues given in the song.