Lesson Plan:

Cooking Up Blends

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August 15, 2015
by Melody Johnson

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to segment and blend common high frequency words.

Lesson

Introduction (5 minutes)

  • Begin the lesson by discussing tricky words. Potential discussion questions include: Have you ever read words from books or comics that you did not know how to say? Have you ever tried to say a word but did not know how to sound it out?
  • Explain to students that they will learn and recognize sight words through letter recognition, letter sounds, and blending.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (15 minutes)

  • Present a list of sight words of your choice.
  • Explain to students that they will encounter these sight words when reading books, magazines, newspapers, or even looking at television.
  • Explain to students that knowing these words will help them to become better readers.
  • Display a picture of one Elkonin box from the student visuals page for students to see.
  • Ask students what the picture is.
  • Show students the first sight word. Tell the students the sight word.
  • Ask students to identify the first letter in the word and what sound the letter makes.
  • Tell student to say the sound; then, write the letter in the box.
  • Ask students what the letter in the middle of the word is and what sound the letter makes.
  • Have the students say the sound; then, write the letter in the box
  • Ask students what the last letter in the word is and what sound the letter makes.
  • Have your students say the letter and letter sound, and write that letter in the box.
  • Tell students to put the sounds together to say the word.
  • Repeat this process with each sight word introduced in the lesson.
  • Explain to your students that they will now use pictures to say the beginning, middle, and ending sounds of the words that were introduced with the Elkonin boxes.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Before the lesson begins, create three Elkonin boxes with a marker on a plate.
  • Tell students that this activity will help them to separate and blend sounds together to make words.
  • Pair students up.
  • Tell students to pick up one bag from the basket.
  • Ask students to gently open the bag.
  • Explain to students that they will find the letters to their sight words in the bags.
  • Have your students say the word to their partners.
  • Ask students to say the letter and beginning sound of the words to their partners and place the correct letter in the square on their plates.
  • Instruct students to say the middle sound of the word to their partners and place the correct letter in the middle square on their plates.
  • Ask students to say the end sound of the word to their partners and place the correct letter in the last square on their plates.
  • Tell students to put all three sounds together to say the word to their partners.
  • Direct students to put the letters back in the bag.

Independent Working Time (10 minutes)

  • Explain to students that they will complete the same activity without a peer.
  • Tell students to pick up a bag from the basket.
  • Explain to students to say the word to themselves.
  • Have your students say the letter and beginning sound of the word to themselves and place the correct letter in the square on their plates.
  • Ask students to say the middle sound of the word to themselves and place the correct letter in the middle square on their plates.
  • Direct students to say the end sound of the word to themselves and place the correct letter in the last square on their plates.
  • Tell students to put all three sounds together to say the word.

Extend

Differentiation

  • Enrichment: Give students different plates of Elkonin boxes to help with blending advanced vocabulary words. Include words that have more than three letters.
  • Support: Give your students the visual support sheet to reference when spelling out words.

Related Books and/or Media

Review

Assessment (10 minutes)

  • In advance, write your students' names in the blank spaces on the assessment sheet.
  • During working time and independent work time, walk around the classroom and observe the students placing the correct letters in the Elkonin boxes while sounding them out.
  • Write sight words in each category that students cannot recognize or sound out.

Review and Closing (5 minutes)

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