Lesson Plan:

Counting and Adding: Penny For Your Thoughts

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August 6, 2015
by D'Vonne White

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to recognize a penny, know its value, and add any amount of pennies together.


Introduction (10 minutes)

  • Call the students together as a group.
  • Ask them if they have ever used money, and if so what they used it for. Take responses by raised hands.
  • Show students a penny and ask them what it is called. Take responses by raised hands.
  • Ask students if they know how much a penny is worth. Take responses by raised hands, then tell students that a penny is equal to one cent, and 100 pennies make one dollar.
  • Ask students what they think they could purchase with one penny.
  • Tell the students that today they will be counting pennies.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Tell students that in order to count pennies, each one has the value of one, therefore pennies are counted consecutively.
  • Place ten pennies where they may be seen by all students.
  • Count the ten pennies aloud.
  • Allow the student to repeat after you.
  • Remove some of the pennies and practice counting together again to determine the correct amount.
  • Continue to add and remove pennies, changing the amount.
  • Allow the student to count the amount of pennies collectively without teacher support.
  • Once the students have mastered counting the pennies, transition to the next section.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Place students in groups of four to work.
  • Give the students a random amount of pennies in each group.
  • Assign a scribe, a counter, a checker, and a reporter in each group.
  • The counter will count the amount of pennies.
  • The checker will recount to verify the amount of pennies.
  • The scribe will write down the amount of money using the cent symbol.
  • The reporter will stand in front of the class when called upon to report how much money their group had.
  • Pennies may be precounted and labeled in snack sized plastic bags to minimize time and increase the speed of verifying the correct answer.

Independent Working Time (10 minutes)

  • Give each student the Pennies and Cents worksheet and a pencil.
  • Read the instructions to the students.
  • Allow the students to complete the worksheet.



  • Enrichment: Give the students an assignment with nickles and pennies if they are familiar with money.
  • Support: Give the students pennies based on their ability to count. If a student can only count to five, then only give him five pennies.


Assessment (10 minutes)

  • Grade the worksheet completed during independent work time.
  • Give feedback and allow for reinforcement if the student did not master the concept.

Review and Closing (10 minutes)

  • Call the students together.
  • Ask the students what the value of a penny is.
  • Take responses by raised hands.
  • Ask the students to collectively add 5 cents to 1 cent using pennies or paper manipulatives.
  • Take responses by raised hands.

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