Lesson Plan:

From Seeds to Plants

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September 10, 2015
by D'Vonne White

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to identify the process of growth and development from a seed to a plant.


Introduction (10 minutes)

  • Ask the students to come together as a group.
  • Ask students to identify where plants come from and what plants need to grow.
  • In one hand, show students a live plant, and in the other hand, show students a few seeds.
  • Tell students that today they will be learning how seeds grow and develop into plants with the help of soil, water, sunshine, and carbon dioxide.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Inform students that all plants start off as a seed and that all seeds have life in them, and they need energy and food to form a plant.
  • Inform the students that a seed will not grow if they hold it on their heads or place it on the table.
  • Tell your students that the main items needed to trigger a seed to grow are soil, water, sunshine, and carbon dioxide.
  • Watch the Lima Bean Time Lapse video.
  • Explain to your students that it took the video creator 6 days to make the video.
  • Inform your students that today they will start their own class projects, and in about 6 days they should have their own plants.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Provide each student with a sheet of newspaper to line their desks.
  • Give each student a Lima bean seed, a snack sized sandwich bag containing soil, a clean and dry half pint milk carton, and a 1 ounce cup of water.
  • From the front of the classroom, demonstrate how to pour the soil from the bag into the half pint milk carton.
  • Have students dig a well in the soil to place the Lima bean seed there.
  • Have the students cover the soil over and then water the seed with an ounce of water.
  • Instruct the students to place their potted seeds in the window sill where they can get direct sunlight.
  • Inform the students that each morning they will water their seeds until they see growth.
  • Label the students' seeds so they can take them home at the end of the class project.

Independent Working Time (10 minutes)

  • Give each student the How Do Potatoes Grow worksheet and Plant Survival worksheet.
  • Read the instructions for both worksheets.
  • Provide the students with scissors, glue, and pencils.



  • Enrichment: Give the students blank pieces of paper and instruct them to depict the process of growing a seed to a plant by drawing it.
  • Support: Give the students partners to assist them with planting their seeds.


Assessment (10 minutes)

  • Grade the independent worksheets.
  • Give feedback and allow for reinforcement if students did not master the concept.

Review and Closing (10 minutes)

  • Ask the students where plants come from, and have your students describe the process of seed formation.
  • Take responses by raised hands.

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