- Math, Science
- 55 minutes
- Standards: K.MD.B.3
Let’s eat! In this food-themed lesson, students will explore categorizing foods such as fruits and vegetables. This lesson can easily be integrated into a unit on food and can be extended to include other types of food.
Students will be able to classify different kinds of food, grouping similar foods together. Students will be able to justify why they grouped some foods together and other foods separately. Students will be able to use the skill of categorizing objects.
Introduction (10 minutes)
- Have the students sit in a circle on the carpet.
- Explain that a category is a group that has objects or things that are alike in some way. Different objects can be placed into different groups.
- Display the What Belongs in a Lunchbox worksheet. Ask students to share responses.
- Place two large pieces of construction paper on the floor in the center of the circle to show the creation of different categories.
- Take out some play food from a paper bag, and ask the students to first name the types of food.
- Tell the students that the word similar means that two things are alike or the same in some way.
- Next, ask the students which foods are alike and which foods fit in the same category.
- Challenge students to describe how the foods they chose are similar.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Display the Spot the Veggies worksheet on an interactive whiteboard, putting a circle around each fruit and a square around each vegetable.
- Conduct a think-aloud, where you explain your thinking.
- Explain how fruits and vegetables are different.
- Next, use the fruits and vegetables to create a separate graphic organizer where you draw circles and place the fruits and vegetables in similar categories.
- Explain your thinking as you write and draw.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (15 minutes)
- Display the Count and Classify file on an interactive whiteboard, or print it out and display it at the front of the room.
- Invite the students to count and classify the foods into different categories.
- Ask the students to think of other kinds of foods.
- As the students name the foods, begin a list of foods on a piece of chart paper.
- Ask students to think of other foods that are not on the page.
- Write each food word and draw the corresponding food item.
- Next, tell the students that they are going to do a food mix-up activity.
- Cut the words/pictures apart and give one word to each student.
- Tell the students that they are going to play a game like musical chairs.
- Tell the students that when the music stops, they need to find a food that is similar to the food they have.
- Proceed by playing the music.
- When the music stops, have students share how the foods are similar and different.
Independent Working Time (10 minutes)
- Show your students the two Mixup worksheets.
- Explain that they will need to cut out the foods and sort the foods that belong together in the bowl.
- Distribute the worksheets, along with scissors and glue.
- Circulate around the room to assist students as needed.
- Enrichment: Teach a mini-lesson on the characteristics of meat. Challenge the students to create their own “bowl” of meat. Give students a piece of white construction paper and crayons. Have them draw different types of meat that would fit in the bowl.
- Support: Have the students complete the What Does Not Belong worksheet. Work with students individually to help them identify characteristics of the objects that would make them belong in certain categories. Provide a more limited number of choices for the Mixup worksheets. Show the students examples of two foods that fit together in the Mixup worksheets as prompts.
- Have the students take turns creating drawings of different foods using an interactive whiteboard. Then, ask the students to try to figure out which foods could be grouped together.
Related Books and/or Media
Assessment (5 minutes)
- Circulate around the room, and question students about the food in their fruit and salad bowls.
- Ask them to explain why certain foods should not go in the bowls of food.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Draw two different fruits and vegetables on the board, and say the name of these foods.
- Ask the students if they belong together or not.
- Continue with one or two other examples.
- Ask the students to justify their answers.
- As a special snack, treat the students to their choice of fruit or vegetables.