Lesson Plan:

Fruity Fun with Numbers!

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July 28, 2015
by Anna Parrish

Learning Objectives

The students will be able to count objects and write up to 10. The students will also be able to use one-to-one correspondence to find total numbers.


Introduction (5 minutes)

  • Begin by introducing the students to the song We Count Our Fruits and sing it to the tune of Mary Had a Little Lamb. Display the song somewhere the entire class will be able to see it.
  • Have students join along in singing along with the song.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)

  • Using the apple manipulatives, or real apples, show the students how to count up to ten.
  • Do this in increasing increments, so that the students hear the counting order in some repetition. This is already set up to repeat in the attached version.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Have the students sit in a large circle. Take out three apples or use the apple manipulatives. Give students the choice of which fruit manipulative they would like to use. Ask the students to take out the same number of their own fruit.
  • Tell the students that they will be counting along with you and “writing” their numbers in the air.
  • Lead the students in first counting to the number three together and then “writing” the number three in the air with one finger. Show the number manipulative as the students count up to that number. As needed, refer back to the visual.
  • Continue with differing amounts of numbers until students have practiced counting all numbers up to ten in various ways.

Independent Working Time (10 minutes)

  • Have the students use their own fruit manipulatives as counters.
  • Have students complete How Many? Let’s Count! or Help the Grocer Count the Fruit.



  • Enrichment: Teach advanced students numbers higher than 10. Give students the opportunity to create their own fruit in an artistic drawing and then count the fruit, labeling the numbers below. Another option is to give the students stickers and have them count and write the corresponding numbers.
  • Support: For students who struggle with number formation, consider using tactile approaches to practicing number formation. Squirt hair gel into a large plastic bag and add a squirt of food coloring. Lay it flat and have students practice “tracing” the numbers. Another option is to squirt some shaving cream in a flat metal tray and having students trace the numbers there. For students who struggle with number recognition and transferring them to paper, have them tell you the number and dot the lines for them to trace.

Related Books and/or Media

  • BOOK: My Very First Book of Numbers by Eric Carle
  • BOOK: So Many Bunnies by Rick Walton


Assessment (15 minutes)

  • Give the class an arts integration assignment. Have students create drawings of specific fruits and write the corresponding numbers. While students are doing this, pull each student aside individually and ask them to count the fruit manipulatives.
  • Record student performance on the corresponding assessment chart, checking how many fruits the child counted correctly. The assessment could also occur during a workshop or center time.

Review and Closing (5 minutes)

  • End the lesson with a teachable snack!
  • Distribute individual bags of grapes to students as they sit in a circle.
  • Have the students place their individual group of grapes on their plate or napkin. Go around the circle, asking students to show how they can count their own grapes.

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