- Fifth Grade
- 155 minutes
- Standards: R.L.8.7
Adaptations are often used to retell old stories in new mediums. However, not all adaptations are exactly like their originals. This lesson helps students understand how inclusions and omissions can change a story.
Students will be able to identify how a production team departs or stays faithful to the original text by evaluating its omissions and inclusions.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Begin the lesson by asking students to turn to others nearby and analyze each other's faces and physical features.
- Then, ask them to each pull out a pencil and sheet of lined paper.
- Inform them that they will each have one minute to respectfully sketch the person in front of them, but that there is one rule: They may not look down at their paper while doing so.
- Give students one minute to complete the activity.
- Allow them to exchange sketches and discuss the similarities between the real person and the one on the paper.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (15 minutes)
- Write the words omission and inclusion on the board.
- Tell students that sometimes, artists include features from a particular model exactly as they are, and that sometimes, they omit or erase certain features.
- Tell them that authors and writers are no different, as they too can omit or include certain details and characteristics when writing stories or screenplays.
- Inform the students that today their job will be to analyze the inclusions and omissions between text and film.
- Encourage them to be on the lookout for the 5 Ws (who, what, where, when, and why) in each story.
- Provide each student with a copy of The Princess and the Pea worksheet and have a volunteer read it to the classroom.
- Once she's finished reading, ask the students to turn to their partners and discuss the 5Ws in the story.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (90 minutes)
- Inform the students that they will now watch Once Upon a Mattress, which is a movie based on the text they just read.
- Encourage them to take notes of the 5 Ws and to look out for omissions or inclusions.
Independent Working Time (30 minutes)
- Provide each student with a copy of the Text to Film worksheet.
- Have students complete the worksheet independently.
- Enrichment: Challenge above level students by asking them to each write a short, one page remake of the Princess and the Pea with various inclusions and omissions.
- Support: Allow students below level to use a Fairy Tale Story Map worksheet to help them draw or write their responses for both the film and text.
Related Books and/or Media
Assessment (10 minutes)
- Have each student exchange her completed worksheet with a partner.
- Discuss the answers as a class as students grade the worksheets.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Allow students time to reflect on their learning by answering the following questions in pairs: What is omission? What is inclusion? Which character in the film are you most like?