Lesson Plan:

Multiplication Cups Competition

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September 3, 2015
by Valeria Rodriguez

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to apply their multiplication strategies to different activities.


Introduction (5 minutes)

  • Ask your students to give some strategies they use for multiplication.
  • Write their responses on the board.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Review the array model strategy by showing 3 x 2 as an array of 3 rows of dots in two columns.
  • Show your students the repeated addition strategy, where 4 x 3 is also 4 + 4 + 4.
  • Demonstrate how to use the number line model strategy. Show your students that they can practice 4 x 3 by jumping on the number line 4 steps at a time for three jumps.
  • Use examples and draw them on the board.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Give each student a different multiplication problem on an index card.
  • Instruct your students to solve the problem on a blank sheet of paper using a strategy discussed previously.
  • Have your students raise their papers up when they are finished.
  • As a group, work out three of the students' problems.

Independent Working Time (10 minutes)

  • Divide your students into pairs.
  • Hand each pair of students a set of cups with multiplication problems written on them.
  • Challenge your students to answer as many questions as possible.
  • Direct your students to stack the cups if they get the answer right. Remind them to be honest when they are self-checking.
  • Ask your students to test each other using the strategies reviewed earlier.



  • Enrichment: Make cups without the answers on the inside, and have your students play the game with these. Make a puzzle with the answers to multiplication questions.
  • Support: Use manipulatives with your students so that they can visually see how multiplication involves grouping.


Assessment (10 minutes)

  • Give your students clipboards and paper.
  • Set up four different stations around the classroom with a multiplication question at each station.
  • Instruct your students to number their papers from one to four. Have them write the answers to the questions at the stations corresponding to the number.
  • Give your students 2 minutes at each station.
  • At the end, collect their papers and evaluate their multiplication skills.

Review and Closing (5 minutes)

  • As an exit ticket, have students write down an example of a time that they had to use multiplication in their daily lives.

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