Lesson Plan:

Multiplication Stories

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August 7, 2015
by Ginger Bruster

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to write multiplication word problems.


Introduction (5 minutes)

  • Ask your students to identify the problem in one of their favorite stories.
  • Tell your students that they will be coming up with their own math story problems.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)

  • Explain that math can be put into story problems. Have the students come up with some examples with you. For example: It takes five apples to make a pie. Suzie wants to make four apple pies. How many apples will she need? (5 x 4 = 20 apples)

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Show students the Multiplication Word Problems worksheet.
  • Go through the worksheet together as a class.
  • Draw pictures on the board to represent pictures from the worksheet. Isolating the pictures can help your students write their word problems.

Independent Working Time (15 minutes)

  • Have students think up of at least three different original math stories to write down.
  • Encourage students to come up with a theme to help them think of stories. For example, they could write about baking, sports, school, or animals.



  • Enrichment: Direct your students to come up with one long math story that involves three math problems rather than three separate math problems.
  • Support: Focus on an area of multiplication, such as multiplying by 2's or 5's.


Assessment (5 minutes)

  • While your students are making math stories, walk around, making sure that their stories are multiplication problems.
  • If your students are making only addition math stories, ask guiding questions that would help them turn the stories into multiplication word problems. For example, Can we add one more pie or fruit here?

Review and Closing (10 minutes)

  • Have students share their math stories with the class.
  • Ask other students to determine the answers to others' word problems.

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