Students will be able to describe or demonstrate the meaning of common prepositional opposites. Students will contribute to group writing projects.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Gather students at large group area and whisper that we are going to practice opposites.
- Shout that this will be a fun activity that they can complete however they choose.
- Lead students in choral demonstration of opposites. Say, "Everybody point up. Now point down. Let's all whisper, 'opposites.' Now let's shout, 'opposites!'"
- Ask a student or a pair of students to point out opposite concepts in the room or demonstrate them, e.g. by sitting on top of a table then sitting under the table.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Lead the children around the classroom and point out the various "Opposite Stations."
- Tell them that they may choose to write or draw about opposites wherever they choose. For example: "Raheem may want to crawl under the table and write on the paper taped to the bottom of the table. Josie might want to pull a blanket over the table and write in the dark using a flashlight."
- Demonstrate and/or have the students demonstrate the different positions they can choose to write in.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)
- Ask your students to show how they would write over their heads while laying on their backs, write big and small letters, etc. by pantomiming.
- Ask what color crayon a student might use when writing on dark colored paper.
- Have your students elaborate on why they made that choice.
- Ask a student to sit on top of a table (after explaining this is only allowed during this activity). Then, ask for a volunteer to show how they could write in an opposite way (under the table).
Independent Working Time (15 minutes)
- You can choose how the students will determine where they will write. You can have them choose verbally, point or walk to an area, or draw a card.
- Remember to have stations for the students to rotate through.
- Have students work on the assignment independently.
- Enrichment: Have students in need of a greater challenge come up with their own ways to demonstrate the concepts. You can also provide vocabulary cards with prepositional opposites printed on them to use as a writing prompt.
- Support: Provide students who need extra help with picture cards showing prepositional opposites. These cards will help them with choosing areas (e.g. a student points to "under" can be led to an area under a table. You may provide adapted writing tools such as stubby crayons or writing grip aids.
Related Books and/or Media
Assessment (5 minutes)
- Walk around the room while students are engaged in the activity and ask them questions about the location where they are writing.
- Challenge them by asking them to name a student who is engaged in an "opposite" writing area.
- Have them name a prepositional opposite or have them detail why they are writing what they have chosen.
- Use a checklist or note students' writing grips.
- Have kindergarten students complete the Drawing Prepositions worksheet.
- You may write students' initials or have them dictate their work to use for writing sample assessments.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Have the students bring their writing samples to the group area.
- Later, hang up the writing samples at the students' eye level.