- Preschool, Kindergarten
- 50 minutes
Help students apply prepositional concepts while having fun. Students will love honing their writing skills in different "opposite" areas throughout the classroom.
Students will be able to describe or demonstrate the meaning of common prepositional opposites. Students will contribute to group writing projects.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Gather students at large group area and whisper that we are going to practice opposites.
- Shout that this will be a fun activity that they can complete however they choose.
- Lead students in choral demonstration of opposites. Say, "Everybody point up. Now point down. Let's all whisper, 'opposites.' Now let's shout, 'opposites!'"
- Ask a student or a pair of students to point out opposite concepts in the room or demonstrate them, e.g. by sitting on top of a table then sitting under the table.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Lead the children around the classroom and point out the various "Opposite Stations."
- Tell them that they may choose to write or draw about opposites wherever they choose. For example: "Raheem may want to crawl under the table and write on the paper taped to the bottom of the table. Josie might want to pull a blanket over the table and write in the dark using a flashlight."
- Demonstrate and/or have the students demonstrate the different positions they can choose to write in.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)
- Ask your students to show how they would write over their heads while laying on their backs, write big and small letters, etc. by pantomiming.
- Ask what color crayon a student might use when writing on dark colored paper.
- Have your students elaborate on why they made that choice.
- Ask a student to sit on top of a table (after explaining this is only allowed during this activity). Then, ask for a volunteer to show how they could write in an opposite way (under the table).
Independent Working Time (15 minutes)
- You can choose how the students will determine where they will write. You can have them choose verbally, point or walk to an area, or draw a card.
- Remember to have stations for the students to rotate through.
- Have students work on the assignment independently.
- Enrichment: Have students in need of a greater challenge come up with their own ways to demonstrate the concepts. You can also provide vocabulary cards with prepositional opposites printed on them to use as a writing prompt.
- Support: Provide students who need extra help with picture cards showing prepositional opposites. These cards will help them with choosing areas (e.g. a student points to "under" can be led to an area under a table. You may provide adapted writing tools such as stubby crayons or writing grip aids.
Related Books and/or Media
Assessment (5 minutes)
- Walk around the room while students are engaged in the activity and ask them questions about the location where they are writing.
- Challenge them by asking them to name a student who is engaged in an "opposite" writing area.
- Have them name a prepositional opposite or have them detail why they are writing what they have chosen.
- Use a checklist or note students' writing grips.
- Have kindergarten students complete the Drawing Prepositions worksheet.
- You may write students' initials or have them dictate their work to use for writing sample assessments.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Have the students bring their writing samples to the group area.
- Later, hang up the writing samples at the students' eye level.