- First Grade, Second Grade
- 85 minutes
Root, stem, flower, leaf! In this hands-on science lesson, your students will create their own plants to help them identify and remember the parts of a plant.
Students will be able to identify and describe the basic parts of a plants. Students will be able to describe different kinds of leaves.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Draw a picture of a plant on the board. Be sure to include roots, a stem, a flower, and leaves in your drawing.
- Ask your students to tell you what you've just drawn. Once someone answers plant, ask your students whether or not anyone can tell you the different parts of a plant.
- Allow your students to make suggestions for the labels.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (20 minutes)
- Once a few students have answered, correctly label the roots, stem, flower, and leaves.
- Discuss the parts of the plants with your students. Great potential questions include: What do the roots do? How do the roots help keep a plant alive? What purpose do leaves serve? What does the stem do? What do flowers do?
- One by one, explain the function of each plant part.
- Tell your class that roots hold the plant into the soil. They take in water and minerals to help the plant stay alive.
- Define the stem as the part that carries water from the roots to the other parts of the plant.
- Explain that the flower helps the plant reproduce, making seeds that will grow into new plants.
- Tell your class that leaves take in the air and light that a plant needs to live.
- Display the Leaf Shapes worksheet using an interactive whiteboard, document camera, or projector. Explain that different plants have leaves that are different shapes and sizes.
- Give a few examples of plants that have different shapes of leaves. For example, maple trees have star-shaped leaves, magnolia trees have obovate leaves, and birch trees have deltoid leaves.
- Use this as a jumping off point for a class discussion about what plants need to survive. After some suggestions, remind your students that plants need sun, water, soil, and air to live.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (20 minutes)
- Pass out the following supplies to your class: coffee grounds, fake flowers, green construction paper, glue, scissors, and white construction paper.
- Tell your students that they will each be creating a plant that has roots, a stem, leaves, and a flower.
- Instruct your students to label the parts of their plants using sticky notes. Be sure the Leaf Shapes worksheet is still being displayed, and remind your students to label the type of leaves as well.
- Encourage your class to get creative, and invent a name for their plant. They can also invent the uses of their plant.
Independent Working Time (20 minutes)
- Ask your students to complete the Parts Of A Plant worksheet independently.
- Enrichment: Challenge advanced students to use their new knowledge about the parts of a plant to complete the Life Cycle of a Plant worksheet.
- Support: Review the parts of a plant with students who are struggling by removing the labels from their plant. Discuss the roles of each part of a plant, and challenge your student to re-label the plant. Be sure to scaffold the correct labels by discussing the function of each part. That way, every kind of learner will be able to retain this information.
- Grade the Parts of a Plant worksheets as students finish them.
Review and Closing (20 minutes)
- Invite students to present their plants to the class, being sure to share their plants name and function, as well as the parts of their plant and what they're used for.