Lesson Plan:

Phonics Puzzle

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July 9, 2015
by Rekha Mundkur

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to understand that individual letters combined together with a vowel makes a word.


Introduction (10 minutes)

  • Gather students into a circle.
  • Place the basket in the middle of the circle.
  • Pick out three pieces and put them together to show your students how they fit together.
  • Identify the short sound of each vowel in your basket.
  • Review sounds of different consonants in your basket.
  • Now show the students how to put the pieces together to make a word.
  • Sound out the word, one letter at a time.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Separate the vowels from the consonants.
  • Demonstrate how to make a word by picking up two consonant pieces and one vowel piece.
  • Review their sounds separately.
  • Show how to assemble the pieces with two consonants on each side and one vowel in between.
  • Point to each letter and sound it out slowly as you move your finger across it.
  • Then, move your finger faster and encourage the students to match the sounds.
  • As you move your finger faster and match the sound, the students will hear the sound of the word they see in the puzzle.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Encourage students to try and put pieces together to make a word themselves.
  • Let them try different combinations using whatever color combinations they want.
  • Draw their attention to the letters on each piece and ask them to sound it out. Remind them gently what sounds the letters make.
  • Once students know the sounds, now is the time to help them sound it out in a continuous manner to make the word.

Independent Working Time (10 minutes)

  • Allow the students to familiarize themselves with the pieces.
  • Observe to see if students are getting frustrated. The goal is for them to have fun while learning. Offer suggestions to help students fix their problems.
  • Encourage students to work independently to make words by appreciating their effort and focus.



  • Enrichment: Encourage students to put together as many words as they can in a given time limit. Use a timer!
  • Support: Encourage students to put the pieces together to make an egg. Practice color identification or color matching.


Assessment (5 minutes)

  • Ask your students to make two words and check if they are able to sound out the words correctly.
  • Check to see if they are trying to make new words, whether or not they are real.
  • If students get frustrated, allow them to move on to another activity.

Review and Closing (5 minutes)

  • Gather the class back into a circle.
  • Encourage them to each say a word they made.
  • Ask students to voice any more questions or concerns they may have.

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