Help your students “picture” the difference between goods and services! In this lesson which integrates art, reading, and social studies, your students will both find and create examples of goods and services.
Students will be able to recognize the difference between goods and services. Students will be able to locate and identify examples of goods and services. Students will be able to sort pictures into the categories of goods and services.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Introduce the lesson with examples of goods. Distribute old magazines that can be cut apart.
- Tell students that a good is something that someone can buy or purchase.
- Show the students how to find and cut out a picture of a good from a magazine.
- Ask the students to find one good in a magazine that can be cut apart.
- Once every student has one example, call the students back to a whole group.
- Tell the students that they will be learning about the differences between goods and services. Remind them that services are actions that people need and receive.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Using your own two or three examples of magazine cut-outs, tape the pictures on the chart paper under the word goods.
- Conduct a think-aloud, brainstorming different types of services, such as a barber or trash collector.
- Draw two or three pictures that represent various services, and tape them on the chart in the appropriate column.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)
- Next, lead the students in a game. If desired, separate the class into two teams.
- Invite one student to come up to the front of the room, and give that student a small dry erase board and marker.
- Challenge the student to draw a picture that represents either goods or services.
- Ask the other students to try to guess what that picture represents and if it represents goods or services.
- Once a student guesses the good or service correctly, ask that student to come up and take a turn drawing a good or service while the remainder of the class guesses.
- If desired, play this game in a form of charades, where students act out the examples rather than draw them.
Independent Working Time (10 minutes)
- Tell the students that they will be working on finding or creating pictures that represent goods and services and sorting them into two piles.
- Distribute Goods and Services sorting cards. Each student should receive two cards.
- Ask the students to continue finding pictures in magazines or drawing pictures on the squares of white paper to represent goods and services.
- Give the students enough time to create or collect 3 or 4 pictures.
- Once the students have sorted their pictures using the sorting cards, have the students glue their pictures in the correct column of What are Goods and Services? graphic organizer.
- Enrichment: Challenge the students to compare and contrast related goods and services or find connections between goods and services, such as the difference between a barber and a pair of scissors. Challenge students to write a sentence or give a verbal explanation of the goods and services that they used in their work.
- Support: Work with students in a small group to help students brainstorm examples of services. Provide picture examples, such as photos to students who have difficulty generating ideas. Use the What are Goods and Services? graphic organizer with pictures, and guide students in sorting the pictures that show examples of goods and services.
- Have students create a digital presentation that shows the differences between goods and services.
- Have students use a digital camera to take pictures of goods and services that can be found in a school. Give students the opportunity to import these pictures into a digital presentation.
Related Books and/or Media
- The Toothpaste Millionaire by Jean Merrill
- Arthur’s Pet Business by Marc Brown
- Pancakes! Pancakes! by Eric Carle
- Charlie Needs a Cloak by Tomie DePaola
Assessment (5 minutes)
- Circulate around the room and observe how the students have sorted the pictures.
- Ask the students why they sorted certain pictures in certain categories.
- Distribute the Goods or Services worksheet for your students to complete.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Using books from your class library, invite students to take a brief picture walk through one or two picture books.
- Ask students to name any pictures in the books that look like goods or services.