Roll the Die! All About Probability

  • Fourth Grade
  • Math
  • 60 minutes
  • no ratings yet
July 31, 2015
by Sarah Marten

Students will have fun as they explore the world of probability using dice in this introductory math lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will identify the probability of outcomes using a die.

Download Lesson Plan

Lesson

Introduction (15 minutes)

  • Explain to students that they will be learning about a statistic called probability.
  • Write the word "Probability" and the definition, the likelihood that something will happen, on the board.
  • Hold up a die and ask the students how many numbers are on the die.
  • Roll the die a few times and record the numbers rolled on the board.
  • Lead a conversation with the students to discuss the probability of how likely it is to roll a number until students realize the probability of rolling any number on a die is 1/6.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)

  • Display the Roll the Die! worksheet for the class to see.
  • Hand out the Roll the Die! worksheets to your class and read the directions.
  • Hand out the dice.
  • Model to the students how to properly roll the die so that it stays on their desks and explain any other expectations you have for their handling of dice.
  • Model to the students how to record the tally marks on their sheet by rolling the die and tallying the marks on the display.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (20 minutes)

  • Instruct the students to complete the table on the Roll the Die! worsheet.
  • Walk the room and monitor students and assist as needed.
  • Once students have finished rolling, ask for volunteers to share the amount of times they rolled the die for each number and their total number of rolls.
  • Show students how to convert their number of rolls for each number and the total number of rolls into a fraction.
  • Instruct students to complete the Roll the Die! worksheet.

Independent Working Time (10 minutes)

  • Hand out the Heads or Tails worksheet for the students to independently complete.
  • Walk around the room to assist students as necessary.

Extend

Differentiation

  • Enrichment: Challenge advanced students to create a graph of the Roll the Die! table on a separate piece of graph paper.
  • Support: Allow students who need support to work in pairs or in a group during independent work time.

Review

Assessment

  • Use the completed Roll the Die! and Heads or Tails worksheets as an informal assessment.

Review and Closing (10 minutes)

  • Display the Heads or Tails worksheet and go through the worksheet together with the class or have students volunteer answers after independent work time.

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