Lesson Plan:

Short Vowel Round-Up

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July 28, 2015
by Theresa Talley

Learning Objectives

Students will learn to distinguish between short and long vowel sounds.


Introduction (10 minutes)

  • Gather students together and announce that it's "Bingo Game Day" for short vowels.
  • Ask if anyone has noticed any short vowels "hanging around" today.
  • Point to the Short Vowel Picture Cards hanging on the board and say each sound, then the picture name (for example, O...Octopus).
  • Announce that these cards will help us decide if words match one of sounds. If the word matches one of the short vowel sounds, that word will be a "Bingo Word of the Day."
  • Play the Bingo Word of the Day game using the word list from the Short Vowel Bingo game.
  • Choose five of the Word List words and ask students to listen as you read each word.
  • Ask them to say "bingo" if they think the word is a short vowel word.
  • Tally each correct response on the board under the title "Bingo Words."
  • Announce the Bingo Word of the Day score.
  • Correct any words missed and use the Short Vowel picture cards as a checklist for errors.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Choose at least 5 short and 5 long vowel words from the list, and write them on the board.
  • Write a breve (˘) above the short vowel in one of the words. Explain that this is how we code the short vowel sound.
  • Ask students to look for the Short Vowel Picture Card that matches this sound. Point to it and have students echo-read the vowel and picture word.
  • Write a macron (¯) above the long vowel in one of the words. Explain that this is the mark used for long vowels.
  • Read the words on the board out of order.
  • After each word is spoken, ask students to decide if the word is short or long. They'll indicate their choices by drawing a breve in the air when a short vowel word is heard and a macron in the air when a long vowel word is heard.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (15 minutes)

  • Read the directions for the Short Vowel Bingo game, then distribute the materials required to play it.
  • As you read each word, monitor students' reactions to gauge their degrees of comprehension.

Independent Working Time (10 minutes)

  • Distribute the Short Vowels quiz.
  • Erase the 10 words from the board.
  • Have students complete the quiz independently.



  • Enrichment: Challenge advanced students to add more short vowel bingo words to the list. They can also add breve and macron marks to each word on the quiz.
  • Support: Make extra copies of the Short Vowel picture cards for struggling students to use as a guide.

Related Books and/or Media


Assessment (5 minutes)

  • Gather students and repeat the Bingo Words of the Day activity from the Introduction (any five words will do).
  • Tally each correct response, then announce the score.
  • As a class, compare the before and after Bingo Word of the Day scores. Use this time to assess whether students have improved their understanding of the lesson content.
  • Collect students' completed quizzes. Review them later for further assessment.

Review and Closing (5 minutes)

  • As a class, read the Short Vowel picture cards aloud.
  • Ask each student to share with a partner one new short vowel word he's learned today.

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