Does the Subject Agree with the Verb?
Students will be able to identify and generate the subjects and verbs in a sentence.
Introduction (10 minutes)
- Gather your class, and give them a sample sentence, such as: The mice are eating cheese on the floor.
- Have a group of students act out the sentence.
- Discuss the noun, or the person, place, or thing that the sentence is about. Potential discussion questions include: How many things are mentioned in the sentence? Is mice plural, or more than one, or singular, or one?
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (20 minutes)
- Ask your students to identify the subject and verb of the sentence you used in the introduction.
- Inform your students that the subject is who or what does the action, while the verb is the word that shows action.
- Give your students a sample list of singular nouns and pronouns, such as: I, you, he, she, it, someone, somebody, child, and man. Then, list some plural nouns, such as: they, we, all, children, and men.
- Explain that subjects joined by and are considered plural. Then, explain that a singular subject takes a singular verb and plural nouns take plural verbs.
- Have students identify the verbs on their sentence strips and tell what they notice about singular verbs (they end with an S). Point out that plural verbs are typically the ones without the S.
- Ask the students to orally change the sentence, changing the verb to match the subject. Work through the sentences together to make sure all the examples have subject-verb agreement.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (15 minutes)
- Play a game with the students, dividing the class in half.
- Give them true or false questions, such as: The subject word, nobody, takes a singular verb.
- Let the first student to raise her hand answer.
Independent Working Time (15 minutes)
- Have students rewrite sentences that do not have subject-verb agreement by changing the verb to match the subject. For example: The map show us the location of different places would turn into The map shows us the location of different places.
- Enrichment: Give students the Great Grammar: Subject Verb Agreement worksheet to complete. Instruct them to write a paragraph with incorrect subject-verb agreement, and have them switch with a partner to correct the passage.
- Support: Have students complete the Verb Agreement worksheet.
Assessment (5 minutes)
- Walk around the class, ensuring that your students are understanding the idea of singular and plural verbs.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Review the key points of the lesson, reminding your students that verbs need to make sense for people to understand the content.
- Describe to students that they can use subject-verb agreement aloud and in writing.