Help your students avoid the dreaded sentence fragment with this lesson that gives young writers the building blocks they need to succeed in English class.
Students will be able to understand the subject and predicate of a sentence as well as identify sentence fragments.
Introduction (10 minutes)
- Give the definition for subject, the person or thing being discussed in a sentence, and for predicate, the part of the sentence containing a verb and discussing the subject.
- Write an example sentence on the board and underline the subject once and the predicate twice.
- Ask students to write a short sentence in their notebooks and underline the different parts as you did.
- Ask students to share their sentences as you write them on the whiteboard.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (20 minutes)
- Hand out the Two Parts of a Sentence worksheet.
- Complete numbers 2 and 3 together.
- Allow students to finish independently.
- Use the document camera to go over the answers. Make sure students correct their answers if they answered incorrectly.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)
- Hand out the Subject and Predicate worksheet.
- Help struggling students as the class completes the worksheet.
- Review answers on the document camera.
Independent Working Time (20 minutes)
- Have students write 10-15 sentences of their own. Give an expected length for the sentences depending on the fluency of your class.
- Have students trade papers with a partner.
- Have students underline the subject once and the predicate twice on their partners' sentences.
- Hand out the Complete Sentences and Sentence or Fragment? #1 worksheets.
- Have students work on these two sheets independently.
- Enrichment: Students who complete their work early may be allowed to complete the Compound Predicate worksheet for a challenge.
- Support: Work with struggling students one-on-one to identify the subjects and predicates of sentences.
Assessment (15 minutes)
- Go over the answers for the worksheets on the document camera.
- Collect student worksheets and check for correctness.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Have students give you sentences of which you will find the subject and predicate on the board.
- Allow students to ask any final questions or voice any concerns they may have about the lesson.