Lesson Plan:

Subtraction Pictograph

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August 5, 2015
by Ginger Bruster

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to practice subtraction by use of a pictograph.


Introduction (5 minutes)

  • Explain to your students that they will be practicing subtraction by using a pictograph, which is a graph using pictures.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)

  • Show your students the Books Pictograph worksheet to show them what a pictograph looks like.
  • On the board, draw another example of a pictograph. Ask your students to identify their favorite ice cream flavors, and use the flavors as categories for the graph. Draw ice cream scoops as the pictures.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Pass out the Books Pictograph worksheet to each student.
  • Go through each question on the pictograph as a class.

Independent Working Time (20 minutes)

  • Give your students a piece a paper, pencil, and a ruler to create their own pictograph with a partner. Give them ideas, such as asking their neighbors their favorite colors or fruits.
  • Ask them to come up with at least three subtraction questions that can be answered by using the pictograph they've created. Point to the questions on the worksheet as a reference.



  • Enrichment: Direct your students to work independently. Instruct your students to come up with certain questions related to a specific math concept. For example, one question may be an addition problem. The second may be a subtraction problem, and the third could be a multiplication problem.
  • Support: Instead of coming up with the subtraction problems, have your students work on ones created by the other students.


Assessment (5 minutes)

  • Walk around the room, making sure that students are accurately depicting information on their graphs.

Review and Closing (5 minutes)

  • Have students share their pictographs and questions with the class.
  • As an entire class, have your students answer some sample questions.

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