- Kindergarten, First Grade
- 60 minutes
- Standards: RF.1.3.A
This lesson integrates phonemic awareness and phonics. Using a number of exciting activities, your students will learn about two consonants that come together to make a digraph.
Students will be able to say the /sh/ digraph correctly. Students will be able to identify words that begin with the /sh/ digraph.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Explain to your students that today they will learn about consonant blends, which are two or three consonants that come together to make a different consonant sound. In particular, tell them that they will discuss a special type of blend called a consonant digraph, where two consonants combine to make one sound.
- Review the consonants with your students.
- Choose a few consonant cards, and ask your students to say the sound of each.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Hold up the letter S, and ask your students to make the sound.
- Do the same with the letter H.
- Put the two letters together, and explain that when the letters are put together and blended, they give a whole new sound.
- Tell your students that /sh/ is the same sound a person makes to ask someone else to be quiet.
- Put your finger to your lips and make the /sh/ sound.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (15 minutes)
- Ask your students to put their fingers to their lips and make the /sh/ sound.
- Then, ask your students to listen and repeat a tongue twister: Sharon shivers on Sherry's ship.
- Instruct your students to identify words in the tongue twister that have the /sh/ sound at the beginning.
- Put up word cards on the board, and guide your students as they pronounce words such as shovel, ship, shell, and shark.
- Puts up pictures of a shovel, a ship, a shell, and a shark.
- Select some students to place each word under its picture.
Independent Working Time (15 minutes)
- Give your students the Sh Book worksheet to complete.
- Enrichment: Have your students identify words that end in /sh/. Instruct them to draw pictures of words that end in /sh/ to practice with their classmates.
- Support: Give your students the list of words that begin with /sh/ to review.
Related Books and/or Media
Assessment (5 minutes)
- Orally quiz your students about what they learned.
- Ask your students to make the /sh/ sound.
- Instruct your students to identify words that begin with /sh/.
Review and Closing (10 minutes)
- Show your students the three boxes that you put items and shapes in.
- Explain to your students that in each box, there is a group of items that can be described using one word.
- Tell your students that the word used to describe the items in each box will begin with /sh/.
- Open the first box, and have your students guess the word.
- Do the same with the other two boxes.