The Crystal Heart: Writing Similes

  • Fourth Grade
  • Reading, Writing, Social Studies
  • 60 minutes
  • Standards: L.4.3.A, L.4.5.A, RL.4.10
  • 5.0 based on 1 rating
October 13, 2015
by Elizabeth S. Tyree

We've all heard not to judge a book or a person by its cover. This topic is poignantly covered in the Vietnamese myth of the Crystal Heart. In this lesson, students will read the myth and write similes in the style of the fisherman's song.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to write similes in the style of the Vietnamese fisherman's song.

Download Lesson Plan

Lesson

Introduction (10 minutes)

  • Tell students that today they are going to be reading a Vietnamese myth.
  • Explain to them that Vietnam, a country on the Indochina Peninsula, is an Asian country with a rich culture.
  • Show them the country on the map of North and South Vietnam.
  • Inform your students that they are going to discuss a myth, or an invented tale.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)

  • Activate prior knowledge by asking questions. Some possible questions are: What is a myth? What is a simile? What is an example of a simile? Has anyone been to Vietnam?
  • Ask your students to come up with various similes, and then tell them that similes can be found in literature.
  • Tell the students that the Crystal Heart myth includes similes in the fisherman's song.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (5 minutes)

  • Write an example of a simile on the board. For example: He flops like a fish.
  • Ask for other examples of similes.
  • Have your students come up with the meanings of the similes, and instruct them to come up with other similes with similar meanings.

Independent Working Time (25 minutes)

  • Pass out the Crystal Heart worksheet.
  • Ask students to read the passage and follow instructions on the worksheet.
  • Instruct them to come up with new lyrics to the fisherman's song, and remind them to follow the same style. Encourage them to get into the character of the fisherman to understand how he felt when he sang.

Extend

Differentiation

  • Enrichment: Instruct your students to research another Vietnamese myth and compare it to the Crystal Heart. Have them look up stories that revolve around similes.
  • Support: Give your students other examples of similes. Encourage your students to act out the story to help them get into character so that they can think about what the fisherman would sing.

Review

Assessment (5 minutes)

  • Ask students to turn in their worksheets for assessment.

Review and Closing (10 minutes)

  • Review the lesson by asking comprehension questions. For example: Why did the princess fall ill? Who was singing on the river? Why did MiNuong laugh at the singer?
  • Ask your students to share the similes they wrote, and have them explain their meaning.
  • Finally, close out with a reflection question to tie the lesson to students' lives. Potential questions include: Are there things or people in your life that you have sent away due to their outward appearance? Are there things or people in your life that would be sent away if judged only by outward appearance?

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