- Fifth Grade
- Reading, Social Studies
- 100 minutes
- Standards: RI.5.1
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A Lesson about the Great Depression doesn't have to depress your students! They will enjoy building background knowledge for Bud, Not Buddy with great interactive and cooperative learning tasks.
Students will be able to summarize informational texts and cite evidence from the text when using a relevant quote.
Introduction (15 minutes)
- Explain to the students that the class will be starting a new book tomorrow titled Bud, Not Buddy.
- Show students the book and cover.
- Read aloud the inside cover to give students more information about what they will be reading.
- Illicit discussion by asking students questions about what the book will be about. Great questions should lead them to acknowledge the year 1936.
- Activate prior knowledge by asking them to discuss in their groups what is significant in American History during the 1930s.
- Have a whole group discussion until students come to the idea of the Great Depression.
- Explain that students will now build background knowledge on the Great Depression so they will be able to understand he setting of the story.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (15 minutes)
- Show students The Great Depression: A Short History of the Great Depression online.
- Explain that they will summarize each of the paragraphs with a partner.
- Have students read the first paragraph with you.
- Instruct students to raise their hands when they read a word that they feel is important. As students raise their hands, highlight the word.
- When the students finish the first paragraph with you, write all of the highlighted words on the board.
- Ask students if they can come up with one to two sentences using those words that summarizes the paragraph.
- Have students work with their partners to create one or two sentences with the words on the board.
- Explain that this is one way to create a summary of what they read.
- Have a few students share out their sentences.
- Illicit a short discussion by asking students if those sentences actually summarize what they read.
- Send students off with their partners to complete the other three paragraphs.
- Clarify vocabulary words as needed.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (20 minutes)
- Allow students to work in pairs to complete the article.
- Instruct pairs to create sentences using the important words they chose to highlight.
- Have students copy the sentences onto a separate sheet of paper or journal.
- Invite a few students to share out their chosen words.
Independent Working Time (45 minutes)
- Explain to students that during the Depression, those who had radios gathered around them every few weeks to hear President Roosevelt's Fireside Chats.
- Ask students to imagine how these people must have felt.
- Play the audio clip of President Roosevelt's Fireside Chats.
- Encourage students to make inferences about what he is saying and his tone of voice while they listen.
- Have students respond to the prompt: What was it like living through the Great Depression?
- Instruct students to refer to explicit information from the excerpt and audio as well as inferences they have made with both.
- Instruct students to use at least one relevant quote.
- Enrichment: Challenge students to research more information about the Fireside Talks or about specific people or locations that were important during the Great Depression and present it as a separate oral project.
- Support: Pair struggling students with a peer mentor.
- Note students' input throughout the lesson to check for comprehension.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Bring students back to Bud, Not Buddy by asking them questions about the Great Depression and how it applies to their book.
- Have students make predictions about the book.