Counting Hours: What Time Is It?
Students will be able to tell time on the hour using an analog clock.
Introduction (10 minutes)
- Call the students together as a group.
- Ask the students what item is used to tell time.
- Take responses by raised hands.
- Inform the students that clocks come in all shapes and sizes.
- Inform the students that today they will be using an analog clock, or a clock that has rotating hands.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Show the students a large battery operated analog clock.
- Ask the students to count from one to twelve as you point out the numbers on the clock.
- Draw an analog clock on the whiteboard.
- Draw an hour hand on the clock.
- Inform the students that the hour hand moves slowly around the clock, and that it takes 12 hours to make a full rotation.
- Inform the students that an hour is 60 minutes long.
- Draw a minute hand on the clock.
- Tell the students that a minute hand moves more quickly around the clock, and that it takes it one hour to make a rotation.
- Inform the students that 60 seconds is equal to one minute.
- Show 12 o'clock on the analog clock.
- Ask the students to repeat after you as you say "12 o'clock."
- Show 1 o'clock and have the students repeat after you as you say "1 o'clock."
- Continue this process until you get back to 12 o'clock.
- Emphasize that the minute and hour hands move to the right, or clockwise, at all times.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)
- Place the students at their desk to work.
- Each student should have a paper plate with an analog clock face already drawn on the plate.
- Each student should have a precut hour hand, a precut minute hand, and a brass fastener.
- Tell the students to place the hour and minute hands on top of each other so that the punched holes align.
- Have the students put the brass fastener through the punched holes on the minute and hour hand.
- Then have the students put the brass fastener through the paper plate clock face.
- In the event you wish to save time, each clock may be pre-assembled.
- Ask the class to set the clocks at 12 o'clock, as previously modeled.
- Ask the students to demonstrate various times on the hour.
- Walk around the room to check in with students as they use this manipulative.
Independent Working Time (15 minutes)
- Ask the students to have a seat at their desk.
- Provide each student with a pencil and a Match the Time worksheet.
- Read the instructions to the students.
- Have the students complete the worksheet.
- Collect the worksheet for grading.
- Have the students color the face of their analog clock with crayons.
- Enrichment: Provide students with the Telling Time with Carlos the Cat! worksheet. It has various analog clocks displaying different times on the hour. Have the students write the time next to each clock. Do not provide a word box or any scaffolding.
- Support: Provide students with the Be On Time worksheet. It has the hour hand and minute hand in red and black. This should make telling time a bit easier for students who need extra support.
Assessment (10 minutes)
- Assess the independent work of the students.
- Mini-conference with students who scored low.
- Provide reinforcement by assigning homework or another opportunity to master the concept the next lesson.
Review and Closing (10 minutes)
- Give each student an index card with a time on the hour from 1 o'clock to 12 o'clock.
- Do not repeat any of the times.
- Have the students arrange themselves in the correct order to force a human clock.
- If you have more than 12 students, create 2 groups of 12.