Lesson Plan:

What's a Metaphor?

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August 9, 2015
by Rhondra Lewis

Learning Objectives

Students will understand the concept of a metaphor and be able to construct their own metaphors.


Introduction (5 minutes)

  • Poll the class using the following prompt: "What is a metaphor?"
  • Have students volunteer to share their thoughts.
  • Write a metaphor on the board like the following example: Your room is a disaster area.
  • Tell students that metaphors are analogies that compare two unlike things by saying they're the same.
  • Have students identify the two things being compared and explain how they are similar.
  • Explain to students that in this lesson they will identify metaphors, explain how they are similar, and use them in a sentence.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Write another example of a metaphor on the board like the following: My teacher is a dragon.
  • Have students identify the two things being compared and explain how they are similar.
  • Next, have students give you two nouns (like an animal and a person) and write them on the board.
  • Have students list their similarities or how they are alike and write the list on the board.
  • Then have students create an analogy or sentence that compares the two.
  • Tell students that they just created an analogy.

Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)

  • Have students work in pairs or small groups to complete the Metaphor worksheet.
  • Students will follow the directions on the sheet and work with one another to identify metaphors and their similarities.

Independent Working Time (20 minutes)

  • Advise students they will work alone to complete this part of the lesson.
  • Using the Writing Metaphors worksheet, have students first think of the similarities between the two things that are listed.
  • Allow students to write these similarities on the left side or the back of each metaphor to guide their thinking.
  • Have students use their worksheets to create their own metaphors for the two things listed on each line.



  • Enrichment: Allow advanced students to create a list of metaphors they know. Have them identify the two objects being compared and how they are similar.
  • Support: Have struggling students complete the Metaphor Game with you or a partner.

Technology Integration

  • Use the whiteboard to display examples and allow students to interact with it as they identify metaphors throughout the lesson.
  • Use Today‚Äôs Meet for introduction to lesson.

Related Books and/or Media


Assessment (10 minutes)

  • Using the Make an Animal Metaphor worksheet, have students create an animal metaphor.
  • Then, have students write sentences that complement their metaphors.
  • If time permits, allow them to turn their metaphors into poems.

Review and Closing (5 minutes)

  • Recap today's lesson.
  • Have students explain in their own words what they learned today.
  • Allow students to ask questions that they still have.

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