Is Your Kid Reading Too Much?
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“Would you stop reading for once?!” What parent would ever say that—right? Wrong!
Dr. Melissa Barnett of the California Optometric Association says excessive reading can cause problems with the eyes called “accommodation problems.” These happen after the focusing system in the eyes “lock in” to the same thing over and over again. Your child can also develop computer vision syndrome (CVS) from prolonged computer use. “Headaches, eyestrain, neck and shoulder pain and dry eyes are also common problems that can occur from reading too much, even in kids,” Dr. Barnett says.
That's why when it comes to reading, there can be too much of a good thing. And when your kid has vision problems, her education and participation in sports can suffer. Dr. Barnett points out that as much as 80 percent of the learning a child does occurs through the eyes.
These tips can help prevent vision problems for kids:
Tell your kid to look away at a distant object periodically while reading or using a screen, which allows the muscles that control the eye to relax and the eye to “reset.” Follow the “10-10-10 rule.” Every 10 minutes, look at something at least 10 feet away, for at least 10 seconds. If your bookworm has trouble following the rule herself, set a timer to go off every 10 minutes while she reads or does homework.
Research shows that kids who spend more time outside are less likely to become nearsighted, even if their parents are nearsighted, and even if they read a lot. Encourage your book lover to go outside at least once daily, and do so yourself! Take a family walk in the evening if you recognize that rarely going outside is our family's problem.
Maintain a Healthy Weight
Believe it or not, being overweight or obese puts your child at a much greater risk for vision loss due to conditions like glaucoma or diabetic eye disease. Talk to your pediatrician if you are finding it difficult to keep your kid healthy. Intervene early!
It sounds too obvious, right? People blink without thinking about it, but you should teach your budding bibliophile to occasionally blink very tightly for a full two seconds. This further relaxes the muscles around the eyes and keeps them loose.
Eat for Eye Health
We've all heard that carrots help your eyes. Well, they really do, and so does a diet full of other fruits and vegetables. Dark, leafy greens like collard greens, kale and spinach are great for eye health, as are foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids: halibut, salmon and tuna. Healthy eyes are just one more reason to eat right.
See an Optometrist
Keep in mind that a vision screening by a pediatrician or at school is not the same as a comprehensive eye and vision examination by an optometrist. Vision screenings are tools used to show a need for further evaluation. Make sure you get your child screened starting at age 3 unless a special case warrants an earlier exam. From there, exams are usually recommended every one or two years.