Auditory Processing Disorders: By Age Group
What you should know about auditory processing disorders:
- Auditory processing disorders are often referred to as central auditory processing disorders (CAPD)
- Auditory processing disorders can occur without any kind of hearing loss
- Auditory processing disorders affect how the brain perceives and processes what the ear hears
- Like all learning disabilities, auditory processing disorders can be a lifelong challenge
- Many of the difficulties that are experienced by people with auditory processing disorders are also common to people with attention deficit disorders
- Auditory processing disorders may run in families
- Auditory processing disorders can affect a person's ability to interact socially
- There are different types of auditory processing disorders, each affecting different aspects of auditory information processing - see "Auditory Processing Disorders in Detail" for more information
Auditory Processing Disorders at Different Ages
Many people experience problems with learning and behavior from time to time, but if a person consistently displays difficulties with these tasks over time, testing for auditory processing disorders by trained professionals should be considered.
Common difficulties include:
- Learning to speak
- Understanding spoken language
- Separating meaningful sounds from background noise
- Remembering stories or songs
- Staying focused on a person's voice
- Unusual sensitivity to noise
- Confusing similar sounding words
- Difficulty in understanding speech.
Accommodation and modification strategies:
- Keep directions simple - only tell your child one step at a time
- Give directions both orally and visually - show your child what you mean
- Speak slowly - especially when your child is hearing information for the first time
- Maintain eye contact while speaking
- Limit background noise when teaching new information or giving directions
- Provide specific opportunities to practice skills that build vocabulary, rhyming, segmenting and blending words.
Reprinted with the permission of the National Center for Learning Disabilities. © 1999-2009 National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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