Education.com
Try
Brainzy
Try
Plus
Black Friday sale on now! Save 50% on PLUS and Brainzy with coupon BLACKFRI. Learn More

Bullying in Early Adolescence: The Role of the Peer Group (page 3)

By — Educational Resource Information Center (U.S. Department of Education)
Updated on Jul 26, 2007

Conclusion

We cannot assume that bullying among young adolescents is a simple interaction between a bully and a victim. Instead, recent studies and media reports suggest that there are groups of students who support their peers and sometimes participate in teasing and harassing other students. It seems important for families, schools, and other community institutions to help children and young adolescents learn how to manage, and potentially change, the pressure to hurt their classmates in order to "fit in." 

For More Information

Corsaro, W. A., & Eder, D. (1990). Children's peer cultures. ANNUAL REVIEW OF SOCIOLOGY, 16, 197-220. 

Craig, W. M., & Pepler, D. J. (1997). Observations of bullying and victimization in the school yard. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY, 13, 41-59. 

Crockett, L., Losoff, M., & Petersen, A. C. (1984). Perceptions of the peer group and friendship in early adolescence. JOURNAL OF EARLY ADOLESCENCE, 4(2), 155-181. 

Dodge, K. A. (1991). The structure and function of reactive and proactive aggression. In D. J. Pepler & K. H. Rubin (Eds.), THE DEVELOPMENT AND TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD AGGRESSION (pp. 201-216). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 

Dornbusch, S. M. (1989). The sociology of adolescence. ANNUAL REVIEW OF SOCIOLOGY, 15, 233-259. 

Eder, D. (1985). The cycle of popularity: Interpersonal relations among female adolescents. SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION, 58(3), 154-165. EJ 322 823. 

Eder, D. (1995). SCHOOL TALK: GENDER AND ADOLESCENT CULTURE. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. ED 388 393. 

Espelage, D. L., Bosworth, K., & Simon, T. S. (2001). Short-term stability and change of bullying in middle school students: An examination of demographic, psychosocial, and environmental correlates. VIOLENCE AND VICTIMS, 16(4), 411-426. 

Espelage, D. L., & Holt, M. K. (2001). BULLYING AND VICTIMIZATION DURING EARLY ADOLESCENCE: PEER INFLUENCES AND PSYCHOSOCIAL CORRELATES (pp. 123-142). Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press. 

Espelage, D. L., Holt, M. K., & Henkel, R. R. (in press). Examination of peer group contextual effects on aggression during early adolescence. CHILD DEVELOPMENT. 

Loeber, R., & Hay, D. (1997). Key issues in the development of aggression and violence from childhood to early adulthood. ANNUAL REVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGY, 48, 371-410. 

Nansel, T. R., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R. S., Ruan, W. J., Simons-Morton, B., & Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors among U.S. youth: Prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 285(16), 2094-2100. 

Olweus, D. (1979). Stability of aggressive reaction patterns in males: A review. PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN, 86(4), 852-875. EJ 216 558. 

Olweus, D. (1993). Bully/victim problems among schoolchildren: Long-term consequences and an effective intervention program. In S. Hodgins, MENTAL DISORDER AND CRIME (pp. 317-349). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 

Pellegrini, A. D. (2002). Bullying, victimization, and sexual harassment during the transition to middle school. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST, 37(3), 151-164. 

Pellegrini, A. D., Bartini, M., & Brooks, F. (1999). School bullies, victims, and aggressive victims. Factors relating to group affiliation and victimization in early adolescence. JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 91(2), 216-224. 

Rodkin, P. C., Farmer, T. W., Pearl, R., & Van Acker, R. (2000). Heterogeneity of popular boys: Antisocial and prosocial configurations. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 36(1), 14-24. EJ 602 204. 

Rudolph, K. D., Lambert, S. F., Clark, A. G., & Kurlakowsky, K. D. (2001). Negotiating the transition to middle school: The role of self-regulatory processes. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 72(3), 929-946. EJ 639 740. 

Salmivalli, C., Lagerspetz, K., Bjorkqvist, K., Osterman, K., & Kaukiainen, A. (1996). Bullying as a group process: Participant roles in their relations to social status within the group. AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR, 22(1), 1-15. 

Sebald, H. (1992). ADOLESCENCE. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. 

Smith, P. K., & Sharp, S. (Eds.). (1994). SCHOOL BULLYING: INSIGHTS AND PERSPECTIVES. London: Routledge. 

Smith, P. K., & Thompson, D. (1991). PRACTICAL APPROACHES TO BULLYING. London: David Fulton. 

Youniss, J., & Smollar, J. (1985). ADOLESCENT RELATIONS WITH MOTHERS, FATHERS, AND FRIENDS. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

View Full Article
Add your own comment
DIY Worksheets
Make puzzles and printables that are educational, personal, and fun!
Matching Lists
Quickly create fun match-up worksheets using your own words.
Word Searches
Use your own word lists to create and print custom word searches.
Crossword Puzzles
Make custom crossword puzzles using your own words and clues.
See all Worksheet Generators