Creative Job Search: Job Search Process
Understanding how employers hire will help in planning a successful job search. Many job seekers express frustration with the hiring process. They feel a loss of control. The sense is that the employer holds all the cards and they aren't showing their hand. Knowledge is power and understanding the hiring process is empowering. It will help direct your efforts and will eliminate some frustration.
How Do Employers Hire?
Hiring practices vary from industry to industry, company to company, hiring manager to hiring manager. Managers at the same company may use a different approach. No two hiring processes are alike. However, there are a few common strategies and tools used in hiring. Recruitment, screening and selection are three basic components of a hiring process. Let's look at each.
Employers need an applicant pool from which they fill job openings. Employers who do extensive hiring may be continuously recruiting applicants, even when there is not an immediate need. They simply want to maintain the pool of applicants. Employers who hire occasionally, or for very specialized positions, will usually recruit as needed. Some employers will recruit simply to test the market. They may be planning some future expansion and want to know if they could fill their labor needs. Therefore, when an employer is actively recruiting they may not have an actual job opening. There are many strategies employers use to recruit applicants. Here are a few of the most common:
Advertising: Employers may advertise in newspapers or trade publications, on the radio or television, and on the Internet.
Internal Posting: Some employers will post their jobs internally first so interested employees may apply.
Referral: Referral from a trusted employee, colleague or peer is the source preferred by most employers. Many employers actively solicit these referrals as part of their recruitment efforts.
Placement Service Providers: Employers may use private and public placement agencies to recruit candidates.
Temporary and/or Contract Providers: Many employers are turning to temporary and contract agencies for employee recruitment.
Job Fairs: Job fairs are an excellent source for entry level employees. Employers who recruit at job fairs are usually building a pool of candidates and may not have an immediate opening.
Reprinted with the permission of the Idaho Department of Labor.
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