Extended School Year (ESY) (page 2)

By — Educational Resource Information Center (U.S. Department of Education)
Updated on Jul 26, 2007

What are Some Factors That Could Mandate a Need for ESY?

  1. Type and severity of the handicap. 
  2. Presence of medically diagnosed health impairments. 
  3. The child's age. 
  4. Attainment of self-sufficiency. 

The severity of the handicap is a major factor in providing ESY services. Litigation has been geared primarily to individuals with moderate and severe handicaps, because regression and recoupment are more marked in these individuals. Younger students with medically diagnosed health impairments are more likely to receive ESY services, possibly because teachers consider them to be especially at risk for regression due to degenerative diseases or school-year absenteeism (Browder et al., 1988). 

The attainment of self-sufficiency has been a key issue in ESY eligibility, although only one study has specifically addressed it in terms of regression and recoupment. McMahon (1983) analyzed teacher ratings on 10 areas of self-sufficiency for 26 ESY students attending a private 6-week summer program. He found that regression did occur when instruction was interrupted, but there was improvement when it was resumed. 

What Other Factors May be Considered in Offering an ESY Program?

  1. Need for recreational programs. 
  2. Respite care for parents. 
  3. Family environmental factors (family stress levels). 

Although they are not supported by litigation, recreation and respite care for parents are two critical areas of concern in considering ESY programs. It may be argued that these factors are valid considerations because they affect both regression and recoupment. Stress levels can influence a family's ability to implement maintenance procedures (Browder et al., 1988). Respite care and recreation may be effective in decreasing family stress levels and providing support for parents and, in turn, may promote recoupment. 

What Types of Delivery Models are Available?

There is a range of options available in providing ESY services beyond those found in typical center-based summer programs. Programming should involve modification of the regular-year instruction in order to maximize the potential for generalization and maintenance during the summer interruption of instruction (Sobsey, 1985). 

Instruction should be based on established IEP objectives, but methods may need to be altered in order to provide maintenance, as opposed to acquisition of skills. Partial mastery of IEP objectives may also indicate that summer support is required until complete mastery is achieved. 

Delivery options for ESY services include but are not limited to the following: 1. The traditional 2- to 6-week school-based summer program. 2. Home consultation to provide support and instruction to parents in preventing regression. 3. Residential placement in a boarding facility. 4. Summer camp or recreational programs that provide opportunities for maintenance of skills. 5. Private summer school programs providing the least restrictive environment available. 

Support services should also be made available when they are required for maintenance of skills. These services may include speech therapy, physical and occupational therapy, and adaptive physical education. 

View Full Article
Add your own comment
DIY Worksheets
Make puzzles and printables that are educational, personal, and fun!
Matching Lists
Quickly create fun match-up worksheets using your own words.
Word Searches
Use your own word lists to create and print custom word searches.
Crossword Puzzles
Make custom crossword puzzles using your own words and clues.