How to Develop a Science Project (page 4)

— Centreville Middle School Science Fair
Updated on Sep 28, 2011

Step 13: Writing the Conclusion

In this section you will discuss what your project is proving. If your data does not show a pattern or if the difference between groups is small, you should say that there was no relationship or difference. This does not mean your project is a failure. Finding that there is no relationship is just as important to science as finding that there is. Also include:

  • Acceptance or rejection of your hypothesis. 
  • Summary of what the project shows us, relating background reading and data. 
  • Explanation of whether you think your results are significant or possible affected by error or caused by coincidence. 
  • Significance or possible application of your findings. 
  • Recommendation for further investigation of the topic.

Step 14: Writing an Abstract

The abstract is the summary of your entire project.  In its basic form, it should do 3 things: 

  • Summarize what your project was about, why you chose it, and what you were attempting to learn. 
  • Explain how you did it - describe briefly your procedure, groups, and variables. 
  • What did you learn? - List data highlights, summarize what the data shows, and extend your project by indicating how you would do it again or apply the results to other situations.

Sample Abstracts: 

Step 15: Creating your Display

Refer to the books and examples in the classrooms for guidance here. See the requirements mentioned earlier. Several bits of advice are given here. 

  • You don't have to use a fancy display board; make one out of cardboard.
  • You want a nice-looking display, but remember this is only a very small portion of your score. How much you learned, your experimental design, and your data are what are most important. 
  • Put only your data summary and a key graph or two on the display. Too much detracts from what you want to show. 
  • Photographs and diagrams help show what you are doing.
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