Internet Definitions for Parents (page 3)
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Address- A series of letters and numbers that identify a location. On the internet, typing in an address lets you send or receive information from specific sources. You can type in the address for an e-mail account, web site, or network. For example Clicky's e-mail address is Clicky@NetSmartz.org, and the address for the NetSmartz web site is www.NetSmartz.org.
Attachment - This is a file that has been added to an e-mail. It could be something like a photograph or a clip of your favorite song. It could be something harmful to your computer, like a virus. Remind children to never open an attachment or e-mail from someone they don't know.
Blacklisting Software - A form of filtering that blocks only sites specified as harmful. You can add and remove sites from this "no-go" list. This method of filtering allows for more full use of the internet, but is less efficient at preventing access to harmful material that is not on the list.
Blocking Software - Computer programs that block access to web sites or other services available over the internet.
Blog (short for web log) - A web log is usually defined as a personal or noncommercial web site that uses a dated log format (usually with the most recent at the top of the page) and contains links to other web sites along with commentary about those sites. A web log is updated frequently and sometimes groups links by specific subjects, such as politics, news, pop culture, or computers.
Bookmark - A way to quickly access a favorite web site by saving it in your browser. For example Clicky would bookmark www.NetSmartz.org so he could easily find his favorite internet safety games.
Browser - A program that allows users to view web pages. Netscape® Navigator and Microsoft® Internet Explorer are examples of popular browsers.
Bulletin Board Service (BBS) - A place where people can post messages on a particular topic.
Bulletin Boards/Wikis - An electronic message center. Most bulletin boards serve specific interest groups. They allow you to dial in with a modem, review messages left by others, and post your own messages. Bulletin Boards are a particularly good place to find free or inexpensive software products. In the United States alone, there are tens of thousands of Bulletin Board Systems.
CD-ROM -It stands for "compact-disk, read-only memory." It is a type of disk that has a lot of memory. Many computer games that you buy come on CD-ROM to be put into your CD-ROM drive. You can also save information to a CD-ROM in order to load it onto a different computer.
Chat - Real-time communication over the internet. You type and send messages that appear almost instantly on the computer monitors of the other people who are participating in the chat.
Chatroom - An interactive forum where you can talk in real-time. The chatroom is the place or location online where the chat is taking place. Many chatrooms are established so that people can discuss a common interest like music or movies. For example Webster likes to go to the "Browser Ball" chatroom so that he can talk about his favorite game. Read articles on this topic.
Cookie - A small file that is downloaded by some web sites to store a packet of information on your browser. These packets include information such as login or registration identification, user preferences, and online "shopping-cart" information. Your browser saves the information and sends it back when you return to that web site. Cookies can be used to customize the display you see through the browser or keep track of the different pages within the site that you visited. You can configure your browser to alert you when a cookie is being sent. You can refuse to accept cookies or erase all cookies saved on your browser.
Cyberbullying - sending or posting harmful or cruel text or images using the internet or other digital communication devices.
Cyberspace - Refers to all the computer networks on the internet. The term distinguishes the physical world from the virtual or computer-based world.
Cyberstalking/Harassment - Terms that can refer to the online enticement of children; rude or threatening messages; slanderous information; or repeated, unwanted messages. Watch "Angela's Experience" or read articles on this topic.
Discussion Group - A group of people who exchange information about a common topic.
Domain Name - A name given to the numerical or internet Protocol (IP) address of a web site. For example NetSmartz.org is the domain name for this web site. A Domain Name Service (DNS) assigns domain names and translates the domain name to the IP address of the site.
Download - Putting information on your computer. You can download information from the internet, discs or CDs, and other computers.
E-Mail (electronic mail) - A service that allows people to send messages with pictures and sounds from their computer to any other computer in the world. To send someone an e-mail message you need an e-mail account and to know the other person's e-mail address. For example Clicky's e-mail address is clicky@NetSmartz.org. Read articles on this topic.
Emoticons - Animated faces that express different emotions you can send in e-mails, chat, and Instant Messaging. Emoticons are a way to show someone online how you are feeling.
File-Sharing Programs - Programs that allow many different users to access the same file at the same time. These programs are usually used to illegally download music and software. Read articles on this topic.
Filtering Software - Different methods to screen unwanted internet content including whitelisting, blacklisting, monitoring activity, keyword recognition, or blocking-specific functions such as e-mail or Instant Messages.
Firewall - This is a system that creates a special "wall" used by network servers to separate their Intranet from the internet. It keeps out unwanted information like spam and viruses and unwanted people like hackers.
Flaming - Sending a deliberately confrontational message to others on the internet.
Flash - Refers to Macromedia Flash?. This is a program that allows you to create animated content for your web page. To be able to see Flash content you must have this program on your computer.
Hacker - A popular term for someone who accesses computer information either legally or illegally.
Hard Copy - This is the printed/paper copy of a file from your computer. If you printed a picture of Clicky from www.NetSmartz.org, then you would have a hard copy of Clicky's picture.
Hardware - Components that help a computer work such as the keyboard, monitor, and electrical parts.
History - A list of web sites the people using a particular computer have visited. Viewing the history can be used to monitor what sites your children have visited.
Homepage - The web page that your browser is set to use when it starts up, or the main page of any web site.
Hyperlinks - An image or a portion of text that, when clicked, allows electronic connections. These connections access other internet materials such as images, sounds, animations, videos, or other web pages.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) - The coded format language used for creating documents on the world wide web and controlling how web pages appear.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) - The standard method computers use to communicate via the world wide web.
Icons - Small pictures that represent the programs on your computer.
ICQ - A program that allows users to communicate with other users in real time. Users can be alerted when other ICQ users have logged onto the program. ICQ allows users to chat, Instant-Message, send files, and play games.
Inbox - A file that holds and lists the e-mail you receive.
Instant Messaging (IM) - A service that allows people to send and get messages almost instantly. To send messages using Instant Messaging you need to download an Instant-Messaging program and know the Instant-Messaging address of another person who uses the same Instant-Messaging program. Read articles on this topic.
Internet - A network of millions of computers from all over the world. The internet allows computers to trade information using telephone lines, fiber-optic cables, and satellite links. It is also referred to as the "Net."
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) - A system that enables people online to join in live discussions, allowing people to engage in real-time chat. IRC is like a CB radio for the internet. Internet Relay Chat is a virtual meeting place where people from all over the world can meet and talk.
Internet Service Provider (ISP) - A company that provides internet access to customers.
Intranet - A private network inside a company or an organization.
JavaTM - A computer language allowing you to create programs that can be viewed on the internet.
JavaTM Applet - A program written in Java that allows your browser to display active content.
Keyboard - A computer attachment with keys that you use to enter information into the computer.
Keyword - The word(s) you use when looking for information within a search engine. For example if Clicky wanted to find information about cowboys, he might go to www.yahooligans.com and type "cowboys" in the search box.
Modem - A hardware device that allows computers to communicate with each other by transmitting signals over telephone lines enabling what is called "dial-up access." Modems come in different speeds. The higher the speed, the faster the data transmission.
Monitor - Like your television, the monitor allows you to see the information that you are accessing.
Monitoring Software - Software products that allow parents to monitor or track the web sites or e-mail messages that a child visits or reads.
Mouse - A computer attachment that allows you to move the cursor and select links on your computer screen.
Mouse Trapping - A commonly used technique by pornography sites where a user gets "locked" in a web site. While surfing the internet it is possible to click a web site and have multiple undesirable web sites open. When this happens, you often cannot close or back out of the sites and must close your web browser completely.
MP3 - A digital music file. MP3s allow you to play music on your computer.
Multimedia - A combination of different types of programs that allow you to see graphics, animation, and text.
Navigate - The act of moving from page to page and web site to web site online. It is also called browsing or surfing.
Netiquette - Courtesy, honesty, and polite behavior practiced on the internet.
Network - A network is created when computers are connected, allowing people to share information. The internet is an example of a large network.
Newsgroups - Virtual message boards or discussion groups that are subject-specific on the internet. Participants in a newsgroup conduct discussions by posting messages for others to read and respond to the messages posted by others. It's like a community bulletin board where you can post and read messages.
Offline - Refers to not being connected to the internet.
Online - Another way to describe having access to the internet or actively using the internet.
Online Grooming - Using the internet to manipulate and gain trust of a minor as a first step towards the future sexual abuse, production, or exposure of that minor. Sometimes involves developing the child’s sexual awareness and may take days, weeks, months, or some cases years to manipulate the minor.
Outbox - This is where all of the messages that you send are kept. It can also be called a "Sent" folder.
Password - The secret word you use when signing onto the internet or an online service that helps to confirm your identity.
Pharming - An online scam that attacks the browser's address bar. Users type in what they think is a valid web-site address and are unknowingly redirected to an illegitimate site that steals their personal information.
Phishing - An online scam that uses e-mail to "fish" for users' private information by imitating legitimate companies. People are lured into sharing user names, passwords, account information or credit-card numbers. The phishing e-mail usually contains a link to an illegitimate site. Scammers copy the look of a web site to set up a nearly identical page, one that appears to be part of that company's site.
Piracy - Illegally copying copyrighted software, music, or movies. Read articles on this topic.
Plug-in - A program that extends the capabilities of your browser. For example when Clicky listens to his favorite MP3 he is using a plug-in that allows his browser to play sound. It is software that you download in order to listen to sounds or view visual effects on your browser.
Podcast - an audio show that is broadcast over the web. Users can listen to these shows on a digital music player or a computer. Podcasts can include talk shows, music, or other types of audio.
Post - To leave a message on a newsgroup or bulletin board.
Query - A request for information about a certain topic. A query is what you put in the box when you type something into a search engine.
Real Time - Refers to being in the present time on the internet. It is similar to being live on television.
RealOneTM - A software that allows you to "stream" media.
Screen - The part of the monitor where the images appear.
Reprinted with the permission of the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. © 2008 National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. All rights reserved.
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