Job Search Methods for the 21st Century
During the past several years, the job hunt has changed. The World Wide Web has become an important source for job information and career development (Brown 1998; Wagner 1996, 1998, 1999). This Digest combines updates of LOCATING JOB INFORMATION. ERIC DIGEST NO. 85 (Wagner 1989) and JOB SEARCH METHODS. ERIC DIGEST NO. 121 (Wagner 1992).
The Job Search
The first step in looking for a job is to decide what type of a job you are looking for. Determine what skills you have that are marketable and match them with available jobs. A variety of methods for determining what job is best for you are described by Athanasou and Hoskiug (1998), Carney and Wells (1994), and Martin (1998). Job leads can be found through employment agencies, career centers, the public library, the newspaper, on the Internet, and through networking. It may be necessary to use more than one method when looking for a job ("Tips on Finding and Getting a Job" 1998).
Many public libraries, universities and colleges, and high schools have job/career/occupational centers that include a variety of books and materials related to the job search. Information about choosing the right career, finding information about available jobs, applying for jobs (application, resumes, and cover letters), and interviewing will be available at these centers. Although titles may vary, these agencies will all have materials similar to those listed here. In addition, they may have people who can assist you either in workshops or on a one-to-one basis.
State-sponsored, one-stop career centers provide the resources necessary to succeed in the 21st century workplace. They offer services such as unemployment benefit application, state employment agency registration, free job search assistance, and training program information (Mariani 1997). A list of one-stop centers is available on the World Wide Web at <www.ttrc.doleta.gov/onestop/>.
To locate companies who offer positions you want, the following websites offer electronic editions of company information resources that you will also find in public libraries:
HOOVER'S <hoovers.com> Includes features such as company information, stock quotes, investor resources, top officers, and a career center.
THOMAS REGISTER OF AMERICAN MANUFACTURERS <www.thomas register.com/> Contains information about thousands of companies.
"85% of all job openings are not advertised, posted, or otherwise made available to the general public" (J. Michael Farr) ("Tips on Finding and Getting a Job" 1998). Networking and personal contacts are very important when looking for a job. Companies would prefer to hire someone who is known or recommended to them rather than a stranger. Personal contacts also benefit the job seeker who is more apt to get an interview when referred by a colleague of the employer (Wagner 1992). In addition to networking, you can find information on job openings through want ads in the newspaper, employment agencies, and the Internet.
Reprinted with the permission of the Education Resources Information Center.
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