Sport Psychology: Quick Facts

— Women's Sports Foundation
Updated on Jul 26, 2007

Sport psychology is (a) the study of the psychological and mental factors that influence and are influenced by participation and performance in sport, exercise, and physical activity, and (b) the application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings.

Sport psychology professionals are interested in how participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span.

Why do people contact a sport psychology professional? 

  • To improve performance. This is the most common reason for consulting a sport psychology professional. In general, performance may be enhanced through the teaching of mental strategies that either refine the practices of effective performers or help ineffective performers overcome obstacles that prevent them from reaching their potential.
  • To learn how to cope with the pressures of competition. Athletes at all levels seek help in dealing with the pressures of competition. Such pressures may stem from parental and/or coach expectations, the fans, as well as the athlete's own expectations regarding performance.
  • To enhance the experience of youth sport participants. Youth sport organizations may employ a sport psychology professional to educate coaches about how to increase the satisfaction and enjoyment of participants and about the coaches' role in promoting the development of healthy self esteem. 
  • To provide psychological assistance with injury rehabilitation. Individuals who have suffered from injuries may request assistance with adjusting to non-participant status, adhering to physical therapy, tolerating pain, or other issues. 
  • To develop exercise motivation programs. Individuals, corporations, and other groups that are interested in maintaining health (or weight loss) often need assistance in developing and implementing exercise motivational programs.

Who is considered a "qualified" sport psychology consultant?

Individuals with specialized training and appropriate certification and/or licensure are considered applied sport psychologists. Anyone seeking the services of an applied sport psychology professional should ask about the professional’s credentials, clientele, experience and membership in professional organizations such as the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) and/or the American Psychological Association (APA).

A growing number of applied sport psychology professionals are certified by the AAASP. These professionals—who earn the designation Certified Consultant, AAASP (or CC, AAASP)—have met a minimum standard of education and training in the sport sciences and in psychology. They have also undergone an extensive review process. The AAASP certification process encourages applied sport psychology professionals who complete it to maintain high standards of professional conduct while giving service to others. Certification, however, does not guarantee competency.
(Information compiled from the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology at Accessed March 13, 2007.)

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