Sprains and Strains During Physical Activity
|Sprain||(Injury to ligaments). Ligaments connect bone to bone and often help to stabilize a joint, such as a knee, finger, or ankle joint. When a ligament is stressed beyond its normal capacity the ligament may “stretch” or tear, termed a ligament sprain.|
|Strain||(Injury to muscles and/or tendons). Tendons connect muscle to bone. When a muscle contracts, it pulls the tendon which then moves the bone. During activity muscles can sometimes be over-stretched or contract too violently causing injury to the muscle or tendon. This type of injury is called a muscle strain.|
|Injury to muscles and ligaments occur in varying degrees:|
|Minimal “stretching” or tearing of the tissue. The athlete will complain of mild soreness over the area. Slight swelling may develop. Strength and range of motion of the injured area is slightly affected.|
|Often results when the tissue is partially torn. Pain, swelling, some discoloration, and loss of strength and range of motion will be present.|
|Damage is most severe, usually resulting in extensive tearing or rupture of the tissue. Significant pain, swelling, and/or discoloration may be present along with major decrease in strength and joint movement - range of motion.|
Reprinted with the permission of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.
Washington Virtual Academies
Tuition-free online school for Washington students.
- Coats and Car Seats: A Lethal Combination?
- Kindergarten Sight Words List
- Child Development Theories
- Signs Your Child Might Have Asperger's Syndrome
- 10 Fun Activities for Children with Autism
- Why is Play Important? Social and Emotional Development, Physical Development, Creative Development
- The Homework Debate
- Social Cognitive Theory
- First Grade Sight Words List
- GED Math Practice Test 1