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Supporting Girls in Early Adolescence (page 4)

By — Educational Resource Information Center (U.S. Department of Education)
Updated on Jul 26, 2007

Conclusion

At home and in school, adults can shape the lessons taught to girls about themselves, their place in school, and their future in society. Debold (1995) states, "Girls need the support of adults to resist pressures to conform to outdated stereotypes that can limit their expectations and achievement." By assuring that girls' contributions are valued in and out of the classroom, and by creating an environment in which girls can express their opinions, make mistakes, and demonstrate their interest in learning without fear of harassment or of being ignored, parents, teachers, and administrators can make a positive contribution to the development of adolescent and preadolescent girls.

For More Information

American Association of University Women (AAUW). (1991). SHORTCHANGING GIRLS, SHORTCHANGING AMERICA. A NATIONWIDE POLL TO ASSESS SELF-ESTEEM, EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCES, INTEREST IN MATH AND
SCIENCE, AND CAREER ASPIRATIONS OF GIRLS AND BOYS AGES 9-15.
Washington, DC: Author. ED 340 657.

Backes, John S. (1994). Bridging the Gender Gap: Self-Concept in the Middle Grades. SCHOOLS IN THE MIDDLE 3(3, February): 19-23. EJ 483 319.

Brown, Lyn Mikel, and Carol Gilligan. (1993). MEETING AT THE CROSSROADS: WOMEN'S PSYCHOLOGY AND GIRLS' DEVELOPMENT. New York: Ballantine.

Debold, Elizabeth. (1995). Helping Girls Survive the Middle Grades. PRINCIPAL 74(3, January):22-24. EJ 496 198.

Elium, Jeanne, and Don Elium. (1994). RAISING A DAUGHTER: PARENTS AND THE AWAKENING OF A HEALTHY WOMAN. Berkeley, CA: Celestial Arts.

McDonald, Linda, and Linda Rogers. 1995. WHO WAITS FOR THE WHITE KNIGHT? TRAINING IN NICE. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association. ED 385 380.

Mullis, Ina V.S., and Lynn B. Jenkins. (1988). THE SCIENCE REPORT CARD: ELEMENTS OF RISK AND RECOVERY. Princeton, NJ: The Educational Testing Service. ED 300 265.

Orenstein, Peggy. (1994). SCHOOLGIRLS: YOUNG WOMEN, SELF-ESTEEM, AND THE CONFIDENCE GAP. New York: Doubleday.

Sadker, Myra, and David Sadker. (1994). FAILING AT FAIRNESS: HOW AMERICA'S SCHOOLS CHEAT GIRLS. New York: Scribner's.

Smutny, Joan F. (1995). Mixed Messages: What Are We Telling our Gifted Girls? PTA TODAY 20(4, March/April):30-31.

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