Different Learning Styles in Education
Different people learn differently, and psychologists have attempted through the years to spell out the traits of different types of learners and categorize them into different “learning styles.”
Naturally, there are many models of different learning styles in education. The most widely used is the VAK learning styles model, developed in 1987 by Neil Fleming, a high school and university teacher from New Zealand. Its letters stand for the three learning styles: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. Fleming later added a fourth, read/write, changing the acronym to VARK.
As a teacher, your best option is to use a variety of teaching techniques to give all students the best chance to succeed. Read these teaching tips for each of the four VARK learning styles.
Visual Learning Style
People with a visual learning style absorb information by seeing it in front of them and storing the images in their brains. They often enjoy reading, have good handwriting, are very detail-oriented, are organized, and have a keen awareness of colors and shapes.
They tend to struggle with verbal directions and are easily distracted by noise. They remember people’s faces better than their names, and they often need to maintain eye contact with a person to concentrate on a conversation.
Here are some tips for helping visual learners excel in the classroom:
- Write out directions.
- Use visuals when teaching lessons, such as pictures, charts, diagrams, maps, and outlines.
- Physically demonstrate tasks.
- Use visual aids such as flashcards and blocks.
- Show the visual patterns in language to teach spelling, vocabulary, grammar, and punctuation.
- Organize information using color codes.
- Talk with the child face-to-face and make eye contact whenever possible.
- When directions are given verbally, encourage the child to ask for clarification when she doesn’t understand fully.
- Encourage the child to write plenty of notes and organize information on paper and with objects.
- Provide a quiet, neat place to study, and minimize distractions as much as possible.
- Coats and Car Seats: A Lethal Combination?
- Kindergarten Sight Words List
- Child Development Theories
- Signs Your Child Might Have Asperger's Syndrome
- 10 Fun Activities for Children with Autism
- Why is Play Important? Social and Emotional Development, Physical Development, Creative Development
- First Grade Sight Words List
- Social Cognitive Theory
- The Homework Debate
- GED Math Practice Test 1