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Teaching Children With Tourette Syndrome (page 2)

By — Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), Division of Learning Disabilities (DLD)
Updated on Dec 16, 2008

Accommodations for Writing Problems

Many children with TS also have visual-motor integration problems. Therefore, tasks that require seeing material, processing it, then writing it down are often difficult and time consuming. This problem also affects copying from the board or from a book, completing long assignments, neatness of written work, and prescribed times for completion of written work.

Even very bright children with TS who have no trouble grasping concepts may be unable to finish written work because of visual-motor impairments. Sometimes it appears as though the student is lazy or avoiding work, but in reality the effort to record the work on paper may be overwhelming.

A number of accommodations can be made to help children with writing difficulties succeed in the classroom:

  • Modify written assignments by: having the child copy down and complete every other math problem; allowing the child to present a taped report rather than a written one; allowing a parent to record work or act as "secretary" so the child can dictate his ideas to facilitate concept formation. It helps to focus on what the child has mastered rather than the quantity of written work produced.
  • Since the student with visual-motor problems may not be able to write quickly enough to get important information on paper, assign a reliable "note-taking" buddy or "homework partner" who can use carbon paper to make copies of notes and assignments. Be sure to work this out discreetly, so the child with TS does not feel different in yet another way.
  • On tests with computer scoring sheets, allow the student to write on the test booklet. This helps avoid poor grades caused by the visual confusion that can occur when using the grid answer sheet.
  • When possible, allow as much time as needed for taking tests.
  • Students with visual-motor problems may be poor spellers. Rather than penalizing for spelling errors, encourage proof-reading and using a word processor with a spell checker.
  • Students with TS seem to have special problems with written math. Encourage the use of manipulatives in teaching math and the use of a calculator to perform rote calculations. Using grid paper with large boxes or turning regular lined paper sideways to form columns can also help the child maintain straight columns when calculating. Accommodations for Language Problems
  • Provide visual input as well as auditory whenever possible. The student could receive written directions as well as oral ones, or have a copy of a lecture outline to follow while listening to instructions. Pictures and graphs that illustrate the text are usually quite effective.
  • Give directions one or two steps at a time. Ask the student to repeat the instructions. Then have the student complete one or two items and check with you to see that they have been done properly.
  • If you notice a student mumbling while working, suggest a seat where he will not disturb others. Sometimes quietly "reauditorizing" instructions or information to himself can help a student grasp and remember the assignment.
  • Children with TS may repeat their own words or those of someone else. This may sound like stuttering but it actually involves the utterance or words or whole phrases. Other students may exploit this problem by whispering inappropriate things so that the child with TS will involuntarily repeat them and get into trouble. Be alert to this provocation.

This urge to repeat can be seen in reading and writing activities. Students may be unable to complete work because they "get stuck" rereading or rewriting words or phrases over and over. This is called "looping." The following can be helpful:

  • Have the student take a break or switch to other work.
  • When reading, give the child a note card with a cut out "window" that displays only one word at a time. The student slides the window along while reading so the previous word is covered and the chances of getting stuck are reduced.
  • When writing, have the student use pencil or pen without an eraser or allow the student to complete the work orally. Brief reminders to move on may help. Accommodations for Attention Problems
  • Seat the child in front of the teacher for all instruction and directions to minimize the visual distraction of classmates.
  • Seat the child away from windows, doors, or other sources of distraction, i.e., where reading groups meet.
  • Give the student an "office," a quiet workplace. This could be in a corner, the hall, or the library. This place should not be used as a punishment, but rather a place the student can choose to go to when focusing becomes more difficult.
  • Have the student work in short intense periods with breaks to run an errand or simply wiggle in the seat.
  • Change tasks frequently. For example, complete five math problems, then do some spelling, etc.
  • Contract for work to be done in advance. For example,finish a specific number of problems by a certain reasonable time. Short assignments with frequent checks are more effective than two or three sheets of independent work at one time.
  • With younger children, simple gestures, such as a hand on the student's shoulder, can be a helpful reminder to focus during listening periods.

References

A Physician's Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Tourette Syndrome, 3rd ed., Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc., Bayside, NY. 1997.

Bronheim, Suzanne. (1994). An Educator's Guide to Tourette Syndrome, Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc., Bayside, NY. ED321467.

Wertheim, Judy. (1994). Coping with Tourette Syndrome in the Classroom, Revised. Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc., Bayside, NY. ED385075.

This digest was adapted with permission from the Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc. 

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