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Auditory-Sequential Learner vs. Visual-Spatial Learner

— Visual Spatial Resource Center
Updated on Dec 16, 2008

The Auditory-Sequential Learner

The Visual-Spatial Learner

Thinks primarily in words Thinks primarily in pictures
Has auditory strengths Has visual strengths
Relates well to time Relates well to space
Is a step-by-step learner Is a whole-part learner 
Learns by trial and error Learns concepts all at once
Progresses sequentially from easy
to difficult material
Learns complex concepts easily;  
Struggles with easy skills
Is an analytical thinker Is a good synthesizer
Attends well to details Sees the big picture; may miss details
Follows oral directions well Reads maps well
Does well at arithmetic Is better at math reasoning than computation
Learns phonics easily Learns whole words easily
Can sound out spelling words Must visualize words to spell them
Can write quickly and neatly Much better at keyboarding than handwriting
Is well organized Creates unique methods of organization
Can show steps of work easily Arrives at correct solutions intuitively
Excels at rote memorization Learns best by seeing relationships
Has good auditory short-term memory Has good long-term visual memory
May need some repetition
to reinforce learning

Learns concepts permanently;
does not learn by drill and repetition

Learns well from instructions Develops own methods of problem solving
Learns in spite of emotional reactions Is very sensitive to teachers' attitudes
Is comfortable with one right answer Generates unusual solutions to problems
Develops fairly evenly Develops quite asynchronously (unevenly)
Usually maintains high grades May have very uneven grades
Enjoys algebra and chemistry Enjoys geometry and physics
Masters other languages in classes Masters other languages through immersion
Is academically talented Is creatively, technologically, mechanically, 
emotionally or spiritually gifted
Is an early bloomer Is a late bloomer
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