Grammar Lesson: The Adverb Clause
An adverb clause functions as an adverb. This clause answers any of these questions—How? When? Where? Why? How much? How often? It has a subject and a verb, but it cannot stand alone as a complete thought. It needs to be joined with an independent or main clause to make sense. An adverb clause starts with any of the following subordinating conjunctions:
Each adverb clause is underlined in the following sentences:
- After the captain docked the large ship, her crew members cheered. (When?)
- Because his arm was aching, Mr. Hopkins went to the doctor. (Why?)
- You can go with us if you would like to do so. (How?)
- Monica is more intelligent than she thinks she is. (How much?)
Underline the adverb clause in each sentence.
- While Rome burned, Nero fiddled.
- Until the weather conditions improve, the boat will not leave the pier.
- Hector entered the room before we did.
- Even though Marcelle was tired, she still completed her workout.
- You can enter the building if you have the custodian's permission.
Ten of these sentences contain adverb clauses. The other five do not. Place a checkmark on the line next to those sentences that contain an adverb clause.
- ____ Do you know when the movie will finish?
- ____ Because I am tired, I will not participate.
- ____ Emma left the game before me.
- ____ Fiona stayed here while we went fishing.
- ____ Unless I am incorrect, this is their house.
- ____ Some of the antelopes that were here have been relocated.
- ____ Larry looked as if he had seen a ghost.
- ____ Before the band played, we left to get a snack.
- ____ Did they see where Terry went?
- ____ Have you seen the principal since then?
- ____ Though the officer stopped them, she did not ticket them.
- ____ My brother seemed so tall at that time.
- ____ Even though you are younger than they are, you are more talented.
- ____ Because the exam is tomorrow, I must study tonight.
- ____ After the contest, we will go for a nice meal.
- The Adverb Clause
- While Rome burned
- Until the weather conditions improve
- before we did
- Even though Marcelle was tired
- if you have the custodian's permission
- Nailing Down the Adverb Clause
The adverb clauses are found in sentences 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, and 14.