Data Organization and Interpretation for Praxis II ParaPro Test Prep Study Guide
The practice quiz for this study guide can be found at:
To answer the data-based questions on the ParaPro Assessment, you will need to understand how to interpret graphs and tables, as well as find the mean, median, and mode of a data set.
Graphs and Tables
On the ParaPro Assessment you will see graphs, tables, and other graphical forms. You should be able to do the following:
- read and understand graphs, tables, diagrams, charts, figures, etc.
- interpret graphs, tables, diagrams, charts, figures, etc.
- compare and contrast information presented in graphs, tables, diagrams, charts, figures, etc.
- draw conclusions about the information provided
- make predictions about the data
It is important to read tables, charts, and graphs very carefully. Read all of the information presented, paying special attention to headings and units of measure. This section will cover tables and graphs. The most common types of graphs are pictographs, bar graphs, line graphs, and pie graphs. What follows is an explanation of each, with examples for practice.
All tables are composed of rows (horizontal) and columns (vertical). Entries in a single row of a table usually have something in common, and so do entries in a single column. Look at the table below that shows how many cars, both new and used, were sold during the particular months.
Tables are concise ways to convey important information without wasting time and space. Just imagine how many lines of text would be needed to convey the same information. With the table, however, it is easy to refer to a given month and quickly know how many total cars were sold. It is also easy to compare month to month. Practice using tables by comparing the total sales of July with October.
In order to do this, first find out how many cars were sold in each month. There were 235 cars sold in July (155 + 80 = 235) and 405 cars sold in October (265 + 140 = 405).With a little bit of quick arithmetic, it can be determined quickly that 170 more cars were sold during October (405 – 235 = 170).
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