What Research Says About Parent Involvement in Children's Education and Academic Academic Achievement
Where Children Spend Their Time
- School age children spend 70% of their waking hours (including weekends and holidays) outside of school.1
When Parents Should Get Involved
- The earlier in a child’s educational process parent involvement begins, the more powerful the effects.2
- The most effective forms of parent involvement are those, which engage parents in working directly with their children on learning activities at home.3
- 86% of the general public believes that support from parents is the most important way to improve the schools.4
- Lack of parental involvement is the biggest problem facing public schools.5
- Decades of research show that when parents are involved students have6:
- Higher grades, test scores, and graduation rates
- Better school attendance
- Increased motivation, better self-esteem
- Lower rates of suspension
- Decreased use of drugs and alcohol
- Fewer instances of violent behavior
- Family participation in education was twice as predictive of students’ academic success as family socioeconomic status. Some of the more intensive programs had effects that were 10 times greater than other factors.
- The more intensely parents are involved, the more beneficial the achievement effects.
- The more parents participate in schooling, in a sustained way, at every level — in advocacy, decision-making and oversight roles, as fund-raisers and boosters, as volunteers and para-professionals, and as home teachers — the better for student achievement.
Parent Expectations and Student Achievement
- The most consistent predictors of children’s academic achievement and social adjustment are parent expectations of the child’s academic attainment and satisfaction with their child’s education at school10
- Parents of high-achieving students set higher standards for their children’s educational activities than parents of low-achieving students.
- Major Factors of Parent Involvement11
- Three major factors of parental involvement in the education of their children12:
- Parents’ beliefs about what is important, necessary and permissible for them to do with and on behalf of their children;
- The extent to which parents believe that they can have a positive influence on their children’s education; and
- Parents’ perceptions that their children and school want them to be involved.
Reprinted with the permission of the Michigan Department of Education. © 2001-2007 State of Michigan
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