More Paragraph Comprehension for ASVAB Power Practice Problems (page 2)
These paragraph comprehension practice questions are based on the actual ASVAB. Take this quiz to see how you would do if you took the exam today and to determine your strengths and weaknesses as you plan your study schedule.
Time: 13 minutes
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday… We all know the days of the week, but have you ever wondered where their names came from? The answer dates back to the ancient Greeks, who decided to name the weekdays after their pantheon of gods. Two of their primary gods were the Sun and the Moon, so they named the first two days of the week after them; these names survive in modern English as Sun-day and Moon-day (Sunday and Monday).
Other day names are not quite so obvious to the modern person, however. This is because English is a Germanic language, influenced by the ancient German peoples, who translated the Greek and Norse gods into their own language. The Greeks, for example, named the third day after Mars, their god of war; the ancient Germanic peoples named it after Tiw (also known as Tyr), their god of war—giving us Tuesday (Tiw's Day). Wednesday is named after Woden, the ancient Germanic god of musical inspiration. Thursday is named for Thor, the Germanic thunder god, while Friday is named for Frigga, Germanic goddess of love (like the Roman god Venus). Finally, Saturday is named after Saturn, ancient god of the harvest.
- What is the main idea of this passage?
- The days of the week are named after the sun, the moon, and ancient gods.
- English is a Germanic language.
- The ancient Germans had gods that were like the Greeks' gods.
- Thursday is named after Thor.
- According to the passage, Wednesday is named after
- the god of speed.
- the god of war.
- the god of inspiration.
- the god of love.
- As used in the passage, pantheon most nearly means
- a sports coliseum.
- a wild animal.
- the days of the week.
- a list of ancient gods.
- From this passage, you can infer that
- ancient mythology played a role in the development of modern English.
- the Greeks worshiped different gods from the Romans.
- ancient Germans spoke English.
- Mercury is similar to Thor.
- Linoleum got its name from
- Latin words meaning "flax oil."
- Greek words meaning "floor covering."
- the inventor's imagination.
- the British patent office.
- The main idea of this passage is
- that Latin is used in naming inventions.
- the many uses of linoleum.
- why linoleum is used around the world.
- the history of linoleum.
- This paragraph best supports the statement that
- more people use the post office for urgent deliveries than any other delivery service.
- Express Mail is a good way to send urgent mail.
- Priority Mail usually takes two days or less.
- mail service today is more effective and dependable.
- According to the passage, Priority Mail will get a package delivered
- in two days or less.
- within a week.
- in three hours.
- The author of this passage thinks that paper clips
- are funny.
- are a useful invention.
- fell from the sky.
- should be used for other things besides clipping paper.
- As used in the passage, crevices most nearly means
- small cracks.
- ceiling paint.
- fast-moving water.
- tiny bumps.
- According to the passage, which of the following was once used to bind papers together?
- Where was the first paper clip patented, according to the passage?
- United States
- not stated
- According to the preceding directions, when planting daffodil bulbs, which of the following conditions is not necessary?
- a sunny location
- well-drained soil
- proper placement of bulbs in soil
- proper fertilization
- According to the directions, which of the following is true?
- Daffodils do best in sandy soil.
- Daffodil bulbs should be planted in autumn for spring blooming.
- It is possible to plant daffodil bulbs upside down.
- Daffodil bulbs require daily watering.
- Why is it important to dispose of medical waste in green garbage bags, according to this passage?
- Medical waste can be dangerous if not properly treated.
- Green is the universal color for medical waste.
- The green bags are stronger than the red and white bags.
- The reason is not stated.
Linoleum was invented in 1860 by a British man named Frederick Walton. It is actually a natural compound made from linseed oil, pine rosin, and pine flour. To that mixture is added wood pulp or other fibers to give it a stiff consistency. Walton named his invention linoleum from the Latin word linum, meaning flax (from which linseed oil is made) and oleum, meaning oil. Linoleum is still widely used around the world today for floorings and countertops.
Today's postal service is more efficient than ever. Mail that once took months to move by horse and foot now moves around the country in days or hours by truck, train, and plane. If your letter or package is urgent, the U.S. Postal Service offers Priority Mail and Express Mail services. Priority Mail is guaranteed to go anywhere in the United States in two days or less, while Express Mail will get your package there overnight.
Paper clips are such an everyday item that most of us don't even notice them. We use them to get stuck disks out of computers, to clean dirt from tiny crevices, to fix our eyeglasses, and a million other things—and sometimes we even use them to clip papers together! But if you think about it, you'll realize that somebody had to invent the paper clip; it didn't suddenly drop out of the sky one day.
That inventor was a Norwegian named Johan Vaaler who registered his idea with the German patent office in 1899 for a "rectangular, triangular, or otherwise shaped hoop" that could be used to fasten papers together. Previously, people had used ribbons, pins, and even string to bind paper, but Vaaler's simple idea changed that forever.
Daffodil bulbs require well-drained soil and a sunny planting location. They should be planted in holes that are 3 to 6 inches deep, and there should be 2 to 4 inches between bulbs. The bulb should be placed in the hole, pointed side up, root side down. Once the bulb is planted, water the area thoroughly.
Please use the green garbage bags to dispose of all medical waste. White garbage bags are for clean trash only, and red garbage bags are to be used for sensitive paper waste. Adherence to these regulations is vitally important for the safety of all personnel.
- a. Each of the choices is mentioned in the passage, but only a states the overall theme or central idea of the passage. The other choices are details of that central idea.
- c. The passage states that Wednesday is named after Woden, a god associated with musical inspiration. The other choices are not supported in the passage.
- d. The word pantheon comes from the Greek words pan, meaning all, and theos, meaning gods. Thus, pantheon means "all gods," and refers to a list of ancient deities.
- a. The passage addresses the names of weekdays, demonstrating that they are drawn from ancient gods. Therefore, one can safely conclude that mythology played a role in the development of the English language. The other choices may or may not be true, but they are not sufficiently addressed in the passage to draw an accurate inference.
- a. The passage states that the word linoleum comes from the Latin words linum and oleum.
- d. The passage does mention that linoleum is used around the world and that it is named from Latin words, but the main idea is to discuss the floor covering's history.
- d. Choices a and c are not supported by the paragraph. Choice b only tells us about particular parts of the paragraph and is too specific to be the main idea. Choice d, however, is general enough to encompass all the sentences and the paragraph as a whole. Every sentence supports the idea asserted in choice d.
- b. The last sentence states that Priority Mail will deliver a package in two days or less. Express Mail gets a package delivered overnight, while the other options are not addressed in the passage.
- b. The author does not specifically state that paper clips are a useful invention, but the enthusiastic tone of the passage suggests it. The author's list of uses for paper clips reinforces this tone.
- a. The word crevice refers to a crack or fracture, such as crevices in rocks.
- c. The last sentence of the passage lists several things that people once used to bind papers together, which included string. The other items are not listed.
- b. The second paragraph does state that Vaaler was a Norwegian, but he patented his idea with the German patent office, so choice b is the correct answer.
- d. The directions mention nothing about fertilization.
- c. The third sentence specifically mentions that the pointed side goes up and the root side faces down. This means that there is an up side and a down side and that it is possible for the bulb to be put into the soil upside down if someone didn't know better. The other choices may be true, but are not mentioned in the passage.
- a. The passage states that the color-coding of garbage is important for the safety of all personnel, so choice d is not correct. The other choices are not addressed in the passage.
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