Non-fatal playground injuries are most often due to falls. The leading cause of death related to the playground and playground equipment is strangulation, and the majority of these deaths occur on home playgrounds.
- From 1990 to 2000, at least 147 children have died from playground equipment-related injuries. Nearly 70 percent of these deaths occurred on home playgrounds.
- About 45% of playground-related injuries are severe, which include fractures, internal injuries, concussions, dislocations, and amputations.
- In 2004, nearly 206,900 children ages 14 and under were treated in hospital emergency rooms for playground equipment-related injuries; children ages 5 to 14 accounted for nearly 75 percent of these injuries.
- The public playground injury rate among children ages 5 and under has doubled since 1980.
- In 2001, an estimated 8,250 children under the age of 2 years were treated in hospital emergency rooms for injuries associated with playground equipment; 95 percent of the injured were between 1 and 2 years old. Ninety-five percent of the injured children were 12 to 23 months of age.
- Children ages 5 to 9 account for more than half of all playground-related injuries. The majority of these injuries occur at school.
- Children less than 4 are more likely to suffer head and face injuries, while children ages 5 to 14 are more likely to suffer injuries to the arm and hand.
- Female children hold a slightly higher risk of experiencing playground-related injuries than males.
- Falls are the most common mode of playground injury accounting for approximately 80 percent of all playground-related injuries.
- Strangulation is the primary cause of playground fatalities, accounting for over 50 percent of the deaths. Falls to the ground are responsible for an additional 20 percent of the deaths.
- Head injuries are involved in 75 percent of all fall-related deaths associated with playground equipment.
- In a study conducted by CPSC, it was found that only 9 percent of home playgrounds had proper protective surfacing. About 80 percent of public playgrounds in the study had proper protective surfacing.
- Lack of supervision is associated with approximately 40 percent of playground injuries.
- A recent study found that children play without adult supervision more often on school playgrounds (32 percent), following park playgrounds (22 percent) and lastly, childcare centers (5 percent).
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