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Grammar Mechanics Practice Problems: Pre-Ged Language Arts, Writing

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Updated on Aug 12, 2011

You can find the study guide for this practice quiz at:

Grammar Mechanics Study Guide: Pre-Ged Language Arts, Writing

Read the following passage, and then choose the best answer for each question. Answers and explanations follow the quiz.

E-tail versus Retail: The Growing Popularity of Online Shopping

(A)

(1) Over the past few years, major changes have been made in the way people shop. (2) Malls have gotten bigger. (3) Department and Discount stores have widened their selections. (4) Not only has online shopping been introduced it has quickly become a huge trend. (5) In a world where email has replaced a significant amount of snail mail, online shopping, or e-tail, is replacing a significant amount of retail.

(B)

(6) More and more consumers are turning to online shopping rather than making purchases at department stores or malls, especially during the Holidays. (7) Their are several reasons for this. (8) Online stores are often able to offer better customer service and more variety to buyers. (9) Their websites provide more product information. (10) In addition, online shopping affords greater convenience than traditional retail stores. (11) Customers save time, and avoid the hassle of the mall. (12) They also dont have to worry that the item they want will be out of stock once they get to the store.

(C)

(13) Online shopping allows customers to make wise informed purchasing decisions. (14) Today's buyers are more informed than ever before. (15) They are able to extensively research products before choosing what they will buy. (16) Shoppers access to this wealth of information allows them to compare features offered by different products. (17) It also allows them to read customer reviews. (18) In addition to being more knowledgeable about their purchases, customers are also able to comparison shop to find the best prices.

(D)

(19) While many people choose to make online purchases, others prefer to research online and spend their money in a traditional store. (20) Many people find online product descriptions to be misleading or unclear. (21) Others prefer to try on close shoes, and jewelry, or personally check an items quality before buying. (22) It is not likely that e-tail will completely replace retail: however, it is making its mark on the marketplace.

  1. Sentence (3): Department and Discount stores have widened their selections.
  2. Which correction should be made to sentence (3)?

    1. insert a comma after Department
    2. change Discount to discount
    3. tc. change stores to Stores
    4. replace their with there
    5. replace their with they're
  3. Sentence (4): Not only has online shopping been introduced it has quickly become a huge trend.
  4. Which correction should be made to sentence (4)?

    1. insert a comma after only
    2. replace online with Online
    3. add a comma after introduced
    4. change it has to it's
    5. add a comma after huge 3.
  5. Sentence (6): More and more consumers are turning to online shopping rather than making purchases at department stores or malls, especially during the Holidays.
  6. Which correction should be made to sentence (6)?

    1. replace consumers with consumers'
    2. insert a comma after consumers
    3. replace than with then
    4. remove the comma after malls
    5. replace Holidays with holidays
  7. Sentences (7), (8), and (9): Their are several reasons for this. Online stores are often able to offer better customer service and more variety to buyers. Their websites provide more product information.
  8. Which correction should be made to sentences (7), (8), and (9)?

    1. replace Their are with There are
    2. remove the period and insert a comma after this
    3. replace to buyers with two buyers
    4. replace Their websites with There websites
    5. insert a comma between more and product
  9. Sentence (12): They also dont have to worry that the item they want will be out of stock once they get to the store.
  10. Which correction should be made to sentence (12)?

    1. replace dont with don't
    2. replace have with halve
    3. replace to with too
    4. insert a comma after worry
    5. replace will with wi'll
  11. Sentence (13): Online shopping allows customers to make wise informed purchasing decisions.
  12. Which correction should be made to sentence (13)?

    1. insert a comma after Online
    2. replace allows with allow's
    3. replace customers with customer's
    4. replace customers with customers'
    5. insert a comma after wise
  13. Sentence (16): Shoppers access to this wealth of information allows them to compare features offered by different products.
  14. Which correction should be made to sentence (16)?

    1. replace Shoppers with Shopper's
    2. replace Shoppers with Shoppers'
    3. insert a comma after information
    4. replace allows with allow's
    5. replace by with buy
  15. Sentence (21): Others prefer to try on close shoes, and jewelry, or personally check an items quality before buying.
  16. Which is the best way to write the underlined portion of the sentence? If the original is correct, choose answer choice a.

    1. Others prefer to try on close shoes, and jewelry
    2. Other's prefer to try on close shoes, and jewelry
    3. Others prefer to try on close, shoes, and jewelry
    4. Others prefer to try on clothes shoes, and jewelry
    5. Others prefer to try on clothes, shoes, and jewelry
  17. Sentence (21): Others prefer to try on close shoes, and jewelry, or personally check an items quality before buying.
  18. Which is the best way to write the underlined portion of sentence (21)? If the original is correct, choose answer choice a.

    1. personally check an items quality before buying.
    2. personally, check an items quality before buying.
    3. personally check an item's quality before buying.
    4. personally check an items' quality before buying.
    5. personally check an items quality, before buying.
  19. Sentence (22): It is not likely that e-tail will completely replace retail: however, it is making its mark on the marketplace.
  20. Which correction should be made to sentence (22)?

    1. replace is not with isn't
    2. replace the colon with a semicolon
    3. remove the comma after however
    4. replace it is making with its making
    5. replace its with it's

Answers

  1. b.   Discount is not a proper name, so it does not need to be capitalized.
  2. c.   The first part of the sentence could not stand alone, so it is a dependent clause. A comma must follow a dependent clause when it comes before an independent clause in a sentence.
  3. e.   Holidays is not a proper noun because it does not name a specific holiday, so it should not be capitalized.
  4. a.   Their is a possessive pronoun and should only be used to indicate that something belongs to more than one person or object.
  5. a.   Don't is the contraction for do not. An apostrophe takes the place of the missing letter.
  6. b.   Wise and informed are adjectives used to describe the purchasing decisions. A comma is needed to separate the adjectives listed.
  7. b.   This sentence shows possession, so Shoppers needs an apostrophe. Since the access belongs to the shoppers, which is a plural noun, the apostrophe is placed after the s at the end of the word.
  8. e.   Clothes and close are homonyms. You would wear clothes and close a door. Since the sentence refers to trying something on, clothes is the correct word choice. Also, a comma is needed to separate the items in the list.
  9. c.   The sentence is referring to a single item and the quality that belongs to it. An apostrophe is needed to show possession.
  10. b.   A semicolon is used to separate clauses that are connected by a conjunctive adjective, such as however.

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