Read a Climatogram: Quick Take on Climate
A climatogram is a graph that summarizes the lows, highs, and average temperatures of a region. It also shows precipitation by month. The values on a climatogram are gleaned from data collected over a period of thirty years or more, so they reflect the climate—the average weather over a long time—not just the current weather. On a climatogram, precipitation by month is shown as a bar graph. The precipitation scale is shown on the left y-axis of the graph. Temperatures are depicted as line graphs, and the temperature scale is located on the right y-axis. Months are listed on the x-axis. In this activity you will examine and interpret a climatogram.
Climatogram of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (see Figure 14.3)
- Examine the climatogram of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- On the left side of the graph, find the precipitation scale.
- On the right side of the graph, find the temperature scale.
- Locate the months along the x-axis.
- What is Rio de Janeiro's rainiest month? What is its driest month?
- Judging by the mean temperature, what is Rio de Janeiro's coolest month? What is its warmest month?
- In your opinion, what would be the best month to vacation in this locale? Explain your reasoning.
- December; August.
- July; February.
- Answers will vary.
Collect average rainfall and temperature data for your city or county and create a climatogram.
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