Reasoning and Problem Solving - Approaches to Learning: Ages 3-5
Widely Held Expectations
- Child shows increasing ability to classify, compare and contrast objects, events and experiences
- Makes comparisons among objects that have been observed
- Sorts objects by similar qualities
- Child tries several alternative methods to solve a problem and is highly involved and persistent
- Uses active exploration and trial and error to solve problems
- Demonstrates persistence in problem solving
- Increases ability to make predictions and fi nd more than one solution
- Child reflects on experiences and information, and interprets or draws conclusions based on the information
Learning in Action: Examples
- Asks for assistance after trying for a minute or two to put together a difficult puzzle
- Tries several methods to reach an object high on a shelf before asking for assistance
- Looks for help when trying to hang up a painting that is still wet
- Constructs a bridge with blocks using past experiences as a guide
- Helps children identify characteristics of objects or events in their environment
- Provides opportunities to increase the child’s ability to make independent choices
- Encourages and provides materials for a variety of sensory experiences
- Gives children ample time to problem solve without intervening
The Environment Includes
- Opportunities to observe and make predictions about natural events (growing seeds, caring for animals, charting weather, etc.)
- A variety of tools that can be used for exploring and investigating (scales, magnifying glasses, measuring cups and spoons, etc.)
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