Sample Criteria for Grading a Student Who Receives Special Services
The following procedures could be jointly developed by the school, student, and parent when specifying grading options.
- Administer test orally, with questions and answers.
- Teacher, other student, or resource teacher reads regular test to student. (Please give resource teacher at least one day's notice.)
- Administer regular test using open book, class notes, or both.
- Modify modality of tests, written or oral, such as multiple choice instead of essay questions.
- Redo test if not passed.
- Lower criterion for passing.
- Give regular assignments with lower criteria for passing.
- Shorten the regular assignment (e.g., half the questions).
- Grade assignments as "complete" rather than with a letter grade.
- Modify the set of questions students will answer.
- Pair the student with another student for help.
- Require the student to give oral answers to teacher.
- Redo assignments if incorrect.
- Give credit for appropriate behaviors not normally graded, such as taking notes.
- Same options as "In-Class Assignments."
Class Participation, Behavior, and Effort
- Same expectations as for other class members, but student may need extra encouragement and frequent feedback from teacher.
- Focus on a specific study skill or behavior deficit by giving a Pass/No Pass each day for that behavior. (Examples: coming prepared to class to class with correct materials or volunteering answers during class discussions.)
- Give extra credit for projects that student or teacher suggests.
- Have student aide tape reading assignments or read aloud to student.
- Set expectations for attendance.
Source: "ASCD Yearbook 1996 Communicating Student Learning." Edited by Thomas R. Guskey, 1996, Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Figure 5.1, pp. 52, and Figure 9.2, pp. 94.
© ______ 2007, Merrill, an imprint of Pearson Education Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved. The reproduction, duplication, or distribution of this material by any means including but not limited to email and blogs is strictly prohibited without the explicit permission of the publisher.
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