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Six Syllable Types Used in Syllable-Type Instruction

By — Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall
Updated on Jul 20, 2010
Syllable Type Examples Description of Syllable Type
Closed
  • rabbit
  • dependent
  • rejection

A syllable having a short vowel and ending in a consonant

(VC, CVC, CCVC, CVCC)

Open
  • table
  • defame
  • starvation

A syllable with a long vowel sound that is spelled with a single-vowel letter

(CV, CCV)

Vowel Combinations
  • canteen
  • proclaim
  • unspeakable

A syllable with a vowel combination such as ai, oa, ea, or oi

(CVVC, CCVVC, CVVCC)

R-controlled
  • vaporize
  • surrender
  • perfection

A syllable with a vowel combination such as ar, or, er, ir, or ur

Vowel-consonant-e
  • escape
  • obsolete
  • windowpane

A syllable with a long vowel sound with a consonant and final e

(VCe, CVCe, CCVCe)

Consonant-le
  • puddle
  • rumble
A final syllable containing a consonant before le

Source: Archer, A.L., Gleason, M.M., & Vachon, U.L. (2003). Decoding and fluency: Foundation skills for struggling older readers. Learning Disability Quarterly, 26, 89-101.

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